Prometheus and the Age of Enlightenment

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Research for preparation for the literary Essay
A) PROMETHEUS
In Greek mythology Prometheus is a Titan, a cultural hero who is credited for the theft of fire of human use an act that enabled progress and civilization and the creation of man out of clay. He is known for his intelligence and a champion of mankind. His name means “forethought” as he used to foretell the future. He was the son of Iapetus and had abandoned the other Titans when Zeus revolted against Cronus and supported Zeus. He and his brother Epimetheus were delegated by Zeus to create man and that was when Prometheus created man from clay. That is why he is known as the protector and benefactor of the human race. He also gave the humankind the gift of fire which started civilization as it helped mankind a lot. He also tricked Zeus into allowing mankind to have the best part of the animal sacrifices and the worst parts for the Gods. So Zeus took back the fire from man but Prometheus being the creator of mankind stole it from Zeus and gave it back to mankind. The punishment given to him by Zeus on the theft of the fire was that he was chained to a rock with an eagle eating up his liver only to have it grow back to be eaten the next day. He was supposed to be left there for eternity or until he would agree to disclose to Zeus which of his children would take up his place. But he was saved by Hercules without Zeus catching him back. Victor Frankenstein in Mary Shelley’s book Frankenstein is considered as The Modern Prometheus because Prometheus was the one who created humankind very much similar to Victor creating his monster. Victor went against the laws of nature only to me tortured by his sown created monster. Secondly Prometheus gave humankind his great gift of the “Fire”, likewise Victor has discovered the secrets of bringing something to life. But unlike revealing fire to the world Victor’s discovery remains a secret.

A) The Age of Enlightenment
From 17th to 18th century, the...
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