Independent Project Description
This is a test to see how accurate and creative you can be with a common dataset. Use the data set supplied (hypertension, diabetes, cholesterol in subjects, including medication, weight, age, etc) in Docsharing and using Excel, provide the following for the variable(s) of your choice: 1. Frequency distribution of a variable and bar graph of the same variable 2. Descriptive statistics of a continuous dataset: mean, median, mode, skewness, kurtosis, standard deviation 3. Cross tabulation of two variables

4. Comparison of the effect of three or more groups (single variable) on a single continuous variable 5. Scatterplot of two continuous variables
6. Correlation between the two continuous variables
______________
HERE ARE MORE SPECIFIC DETAILS:
1. Frequency distribution bar graph (as in Week #1) – nominal or ordinal variables (Polit, p. 25) 2. Continuous variable descriptive stats: mean, median, mode, skewness, kurtosis, SD – (as in Week #1 Simple Descriptive Excel Worksheet) – requires a continuous variable, e.g., bp, wt, ht 3. Cross tabulation of two variables – requires making a table (as per Polit pp. 59-61) using nominal variables or groups, e.g., yes or no; on meds or not on meds; married or not married, etc. (Week #2) 4. Comparison of the effect of three or more groups (single variable) on a single continuous variable – this is a One-Way ANOVA with groups, e.g., ed status, medication status, etc. (see Polit pp. 142-146). (We did this in Week #2) 5. Scatterplot of two continuous variables (as Week #1) – We did this - need 2 continuous variables as IV (X) versus DV (Y); recall that the IV causes the outcome DV. 6. Correlation between the two continuous variables (from #5) – Pearson’s r, R2, and z –transform statistic Polit, Chpt. 4, pp. 71-72; Chpt. 9, pp. 197-205 – Week #4). ________________

Think carefully about what kind of variables to choose for the given tasks. A...

...charity work” and “being frequently involved in charity work” mutually exclusive?
yes
6. A company gave psychological tests to perspective employees. The random variable x represents the possible test scores.
a) Use the histogram to find the probability that a person selected at random from the survey’s sample had a test score of more than two.
b) Find the probability that the person had a test score of at most 2.
7. The following table is a frequency distribution for the number of dogs per household in a small town.
Dogs | 0 | 1 | 2 |
Households | 931 | 297 | 180 |
a) Construct the probability distribution. (round to the thousandths place)
x | 0 | 1 | 2 |
P(x) | 931/1408=0.661 | 297/1408=0.211 | 180/1408=0.128 |
b) Find the mean of the probability distribution. (round to the nearest tenth)
c) Using the mean from part b find the standarddeviation of the probability distribution.
8. A computer password consists of two letters followed by a five-digit number, none of which can be repeated. After 3 tries the computer locks down and notifies security.
a) What is the probability of guessing the correct password on the first try?
b) What it the probability of guessing the correct password within three tries?
9. Find the mean and standarddeviation of the binomial distribution with n=80 and p=0.3.
10. You are taking a multiple...

...the information provided by the StandardDeviation.
2. The ability to use the StandardDeviation to calculate the percentage of occurrence of a variable either above or below a particular value.
3. The ability to describe a normal distribution as evidenced by a bell shaped curve as well as the ability to prepare a distribution chart from a set of data (module 3 Case).
Part 1
(1) To get the best deal on a CD player, Tom called eight appliance stores and asked the cost of a specific model. The prices he was quoted are listed below:
$ 298 $ 125 $ 511 $ 157 $ 231 $ 230 $ 304 $ 372 Find the Standarddeviation
$ 298 + $ 125+ $ 511+ $ 157+ $ 231+ $ 230+ $ 304+ $ 372= 2228/8 = 278.5(subtract from #s)
19,-153, 232, -121, -47, -48, 25, 93 (square numbers)
380, 2356, 54056, 14762, 2256, 2352, 650, 8742 = 106(added)
(Divide by 7) 15251 (take square root) StandardDeviation = approximately 123.
(2) When investigating times required for drive-through service, the following results (in seconds) were obtained. Find the range, variance, and standarddeviation for each of the two samples, and then compare the two sets of results.
Wendy's 120 123 153 128 124 118 154 110
MacDonald's 115 126 147 156 118 110 145 137
(2) Set 1:
Range : maximum - minimum =...

...Deviation
Definition:
Behavior commonly seen in children that is the result of some obstacle to normal development such behavior may be commonly understand as negative (a timid child, a destructive child) or positive (a quite child), both positive and negative deviation will disappear once the child begins to concentrate on a piece of work freely chosen by him.
The physical deforms are easier to identify. This can be by birth due to an accident etc… and most such physical deforms can be either cured. However, deforms that take place in development of psychological aspects of a child are not only threat to building the character and the personality of the child also you find certain physical deforms in curable in medicine.
Dr. Montessori, according to her she fugues deviated children are.
The naughty children act and react very strong as a result of severe treatment they have received. So their behavior is cruel from others.
The weak children are always mistaken for good children and parent are happy because of their timidly and but they are lazy and afraid of everything.
The bright children are very imaginative and live in their own fantasy world.
Deviations shown by the strong and weak children are:
In the absorbent mind Montessori discussed deviation shown by the strong, meaning those who resist and overcome the obstacles they meet and deviation...

...I'll be honest. Standarddeviation is a more difficult concept than the others we've covered. And unless you are writing for a specialized, professional audience, you'll probably never use the words "standarddeviation" in a story. But that doesn't mean you should ignore this concept.
The standarddeviation is kind of the "mean of the mean," and often can help you find the story behind the data. To understand this concept, it can help to learn about what statisticians call normal distribution of data.
A normal distribution of data means that most of the examples in a set of data are close to the "average," while relatively few examples tend to one extreme or the other.
Let's say you are writing a story about nutrition. You need to look at people's typical daily calorie consumption. Like most data, the numbers for people's typical consumption probably will turn out to be normally distributed. That is, for most people, their consumption will be close to the mean, while fewer people eat a lot more or a lot less than the mean.
When you think about it, that's just common sense. Not that many people are getting by on a single serving of kelp and rice. Or on eight meals of steak and milkshakes. Most people lie somewhere in between.
If you looked at normally distributed data on a graph, it would look something like this:
The x-axis (the horizontal one) is the value in question......

...StandardDeviation (continued)
L.O.: To find the mean and standarddeviation from a frequency table.
The formula for the standarddeviation of a set of data is [pic]
Recap question
A sample of 60 matchboxes gave the following results for the variable x (the number of matches in a box):
[pic].
Calculate the mean and standarddeviation for x.
Introductory example for finding the mean and standarddeviation for a table:
The table shows the number of children living in a sample of households:
|Number of children, x |Frequency, f |xf |x2f |
|0 |14 |0 × 14 = 0 |02 × 14 = 0 |
|1 |12 |1 × 12 = 12 | |
|2 |8 | | |
|3 |6 | |32 × 6 = 54 |
|TOTAL |[pic]...

...StandardDeviation
objective
• Describe standarddeviation and
it’s importance in biostatistics.
Measure of Dispersion
• Indicates how widely the scores
are dispersed around the central
point (or mean.)
-StandarddeviationStandardDeviation.
• The most commonly used method
of dispersion in oral hygiene.
• The larger the standarddeviation,
the wider the distribution curve.
StandardDeviation
• SD, , (sigma)
• Indicates how subjects differ from
the average of the group/ the more
they spread out, the larger the
deviation
• Based upon ALL scores, not just
high/low or middle half
• Analyzes descriptively the spread of
scores around the mean
– 14+ 2.51 = Mean of 14 and SD of
2.51
StandardDeviation
• The spread of scores around the
mean:
• For example, if the mean is 60 and
the standarddeviation 10, the
lowest score might be around 30,
and the highest score might be
around 90.
StandardDeviation &
Variance
Usefulness
• When comparing the amount of dispersion in
two data sets.
• Greater variance = greater dispersion
• Standarddeviation--”average” difference
between the mean of a sample and each data
value in the sample
14+ 2.51 = Mean of 14 and SD of 2.51
Distribution...

...Case 2: Gulf Real Estate Properties. Please provide a Managerial Report that includes: 1. Appropriate descriptive statistics to summarize each of the three variables for the forty Gulf View condominiums 2. Appropriate descriptive statistics to summarize each of the three variables for the eighteen No-Gulf View condominiums 3. Comparison of your summary results from #1 & #2. Discuss any specific statistical results that would help a real estate agent understand the condominium market. 4. A 95% confidence interval estimate of the population mean sales price and population mean number of days to sell for Gulf View condominiums. Also, interpret the results. 5. A 95% confidence interval estimate of the population mean sales price and population mean number of days to sell for Gulf View condominiums. Also, interpret the results. Also, consider the following scenario and include your responses in your Report: 6. Assume the branch manager requested estimates of the mean selling price of Gulf View condominiums with a margin of error of $40,000 and the mean selling price of No-Gulf View condominiums with a margin of effort of $15,000. Using 95% confidence, how large should the sample sizes be?
GULF VIEW CONDOMINIUMS
List Price Sales Price Days to Sell
495000 475000 130
379000 350000 71
529000 519000 85
552500 534500 95
334900 334900 119
550000 505000 92
169900 165000 197
210000 210000 56
975000 945000 73...

...and specify whether the variables are continuous or discrete. We will begin by discussing what quantitative data/research is, define discrete variables, define continuousvariables, and I will provide my three recommendations. (CTU Online 2014)
II. Quantitative Data/Research
Quantitative research is conducted utilizing sampling approaches (such as customer studies) whose results can be conveyed mathematically, and are open to mathematical management, allowing the marketer to approximate upcoming happenings or amounts. (Key 1997) Quantitative research includes consumer assessments and questionnaires, performed face-to-face, via phone, postal mail, email, and/or via the internet. Inquiries should be wisely contemplated so the outcomes offer profound figures. Collecting quantitative research information is only one part of our study goals. The information has to be analyzed and collected. With a complex study, this will prove to be a skillful mission in order to simplify all the conclusions and bore into the figures to narrow down the scope of our target market. This research will tell us what people want, what they think, the number of interested consumers, the kind of people that will be our best customers, customer buying behaviors, and show us any consumer trends. ((Repurposed Information 2014) (Willis 2013))
III. Variables: Discrete and Continuous; Recommendations...

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