In this project is an introduction to the three mighty kingdoms that emerged in the south after the decline of the Gupta Empire. There is a detailed study of the Chola kingdom. In the study is included information about the sources which tell us about the Chola Dynasty, the political history of the Cholas, the administration of the Cholas, the social life of the subjects, and the contribution of the Cholas to India In this project is an introduction to the three mighty kingdoms that emerged in the south after the decline of the Gupta Empire. There is a detailed study of the Chola kingdom. In the study is included information about the sources which tell us about the Chola Dynasty, the political history of the Cholas, the administration of the Cholas, the social life of the subjects, and the contribution of the Cholas to India Kingdoms if the South
The Chola Kingdom
Kingdoms if the South
The Chola Kingdom
After the decline of the Gupta empire the country had disintegrated into a number of smaller kingdoms. Soon certain kingdoms would emerge more dominant and control a greater area. In the north the new invaders set up the Delhi Sultanate. Southern India however remained unaffected by such developments and instead had its own set of warring kingdoms. South India would remain essentially unchanged during the period of Islamic rule in the country, since it was not exposed to the new culture in the way the North was. Hence it remains till today, an example of the pre-Sultanate ideas in India. HOW CHOLA KINGDOM EMERGED
After the decline of the Gupta empire, the main kingdoms vying for control over southern India were the Pallavas, Pandayas and the Cholas. The Cholas, after years of bitter struggle emerged as the dominant force and set up a southern empire. Their rivals however would continue to be a continuous pin in their necks and the years in power are characterized by a nearly eternal conflict between these kingdoms. The Chola dynasty began in 1907, with Parantaka I coming to power and establishing their presence. His reign was not entirely successful or filled with failures, but was somewhere in the middle. During his reign the Cholas made some substantial gains as well as sustained some crushing defeats. During the next thirty years following his death there was further erosion of the Chola power. However soon luck began favouring them, and whilst the other southern powers were locked in conflict the Cholas once again recovered(pretty much like the third one gaining from fight between two others) and in fact extended their empire, making them the dominant force of south India This was achieved by the Chola king Rajaraja I. He would be succeeded by his son Rajendra, and their reign stabilized and extended the empire. The Chola dynasty remained a powerful kingdom until 1200AD when the decline of their empire paved the way for Mughal expansion into south India. CHOLA ADMINISTRATION
The Chola system was headed by a king (quintessentially like all other kingdoms), who was the highest power in the state. Religion and culture played an important part in the Chola administration. The Chola kings were a religious lot, with considerable energies of the state being used in building temples and patronizing priests. An interesting development was the cult of the god-king (like in Egypt). Deceased Chola kings were often depicted on temples and were worshipped by the people. The king in the Chola form of government was assisted by an assembly of councillors and the rajguru (priest of the royal family). The Cholas appear to be a little lazy as, they did not, apparently, have any regular ministerial councils. The administrative set up of the Chola period was a well-organized one. Although the kings word was law, before it could be implemented it would have to be written down. The entire kingdom was divided into a number of provinces known as mandalams . These were divided into districts...