Project Report on Natural Gas

Topics: Natural gas, Internal combustion engine, Petroleum Pages: 2 (551 words) Published: March 30, 2013
What is Natural Gas?
Natural gas, in itself, might be considered an uninteresting gas - it is colorless, shapeless, and odorless in its pure form. Quite uninteresting - except that natural gas is combustible, abundant in the United States and when burned it gives off a great deal of energy and few emissions. Unlike other fossil fuels, natural gas is clean burning and emits lower levels of potentially harmful byproducts into the air. We require energy constantly, to heat our homes, cook our food, and generate our electricity. It is this need for energy that has elevated natural gas to such a level of importance in our society, and in our lives. Natural gas is a combustible mixture of hydrocarbon gases. While natural gas is formed primarily of methane, it can also include ethane, propane, butane and pentane ELECTRICITY FROM NATURAL GAS Natural gas is a fossil fuel formed when layers of buried plants and animals are exposed to intense heat and pressure over thousands of years. The energy that the plants and animals originally obtained from the sun is stored in the form of carbon in natural gas. Natural gas is combusted to generate electricity, enabling this stored energy to be transformed into usable power. Natural gas is a nonrenewable resource because it cannot be replenished on a human time frame. The natural gas power production process begins with the extraction of natural gas, continues with its treatment and transport to the power plants, and ends with its combustion in boilers and turbines to generate electricity. COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) is a fossil fuel substitute for gasoline (petrol), diesel, or propane/LPG. CNG is one of the lowest cost and environment friendly alternative fuels available. Natural gas is one of the cleanest, safest, and most useful form of energy.  Natural gas is a mixture of hydrocarbons, primarily methane. It has the highest hydrogen-to-carbon ratio of any hydrocarbon, and, therefore, produces less greenhouse gases and...
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