Project Report on Investment Analysis

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“ASSET CLASS ANALYSIS AND APPROPRIATE INVESTMENT STRATEGIES”

1. INTRODUCTION:
Investment is the commitment of money or capital to purchase financial instruments or other assets in order to gain profitable returns in the form of interest, income, or appreciation of the value of the instrument. It is related to saving or deferring consumption. Investment is involved in many areas of the economy, such as business management and finance no matter for households, firms, or governments. An investment involves the choice by an individual or an organization such as a pension fund, after some analysis or thought, to place or lend money in a vehicle, instrument or asset, such as property, commodity, stock, bond, financial derivatives (e.g. futures or options), or the foreign asset denominated in foreign currency, that has certain level of risk and provides the possibility of generating returns over a period of time. Investment comes with the risk of the loss of the principal sum. The investment that has not been thoroughly analyzed can be highly risky with respect to the investment owner because the possibility of losing money is not within the owner's control. The difference between speculation and investment can be subtle. It depends on the investment owner's mind whether the purpose is for lending the resource to someone else for economic purpose or not.

An asset is usually purchased, or equivalently a deposit is made in a bank, in hopes of getting a future return or interest from it. The word originates in the Latin "vestis", meaning garment, and refers to the act of putting things (money or other claims to resources) into others' pockets The basic meaning of the term being an asset held to have some recurring or capital gains. It is an asset that is expected to give returns without any work on the asset . The term "investment" is used differently in economics and in finance. Economists refer to a real investment (such as a machine or a house), while financial economists refer to a financial asset, such as money that is put into a bank or the market, which may then be used to buy a real asset.

DEFINITION:

• Investing: laying out money or capital in an enterprise with the expectation of profit. • Money that is invested with an expectation of profit. • The commitment of something other than money (time, energy, or effort) to a project with the expectation of some worthwhile result; "this job calls for the investment of some hard thinking"; "he made an emotional investment in the work". • According to economics, investment is the utilization of resources in order to increase income or production output in the future.

ESSENTIALS OF INVESTMENTS:

Essentials of investment refers to why investment, or the need for investment, is required. The investment strategy is a plan, which is created to guide an investor to choose the most appropriate investment portfolio that will help him achieve his financial goals within a particular period of time.

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An investment strategy usually involves a set of methods, rules, and regulations, and is designed according to the exchange or compromise of the investor's risks and returns

A number of investors like to increase their earnings through high-risk investments, whilst others prefer investing in assets with minimum risk involved. However, the majority of investors choose an investment strategy that lies in the middle.

Investment strategies can be broadly categorized into the following types: • Active strategies: One of the principal active strategies is market timing (an investor is able to move into the market when it is on the low and sell the stocks when the market is on the high), which is applied for maximizing yields. • Passive strategies: Frequently implemented for reducing transaction costs. • One of the most popular strategies is the buy and hold, which is basically a long term investment plan. The idea behind this is that...
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