Project Report for Dairy Farms

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  • Topic: Cattle, Dairy farming, Milk
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  • Published : November 18, 2012
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PROJECT REPORT FOR DAIRY FARM WITH FOUR CROSS-BRED /INDIGENOUS DESCRIPTIVE DAIRY BREED COWS  Dairy farming is a profitable business. It provides an excellent opportunity for self employment of unemployed youth. It   is also an important source of income generation to small/marginal farmers and agricultural labourers. India is the largest milk producer of the world. The demand of milk & milk product is increasing rapidly There is immense scope of dairy farming in our country. The increasing cost of feed ingredients and its seasonal variability  can be reduced by undertaking fodder cultivation.  Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to under go   training on dairy farming. They must check the following points before starting a dairy farm. 1.                  Availability of good quality dairy breed cows  in nearby livestock market 2.                  Nearness of the Farm to  Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS 3.                  Marketing facility of milk and milk product in non MPCS area 4.                  Availability of concentrates ,fodder & medicine in that locality. This project report is based on following assumption:-

1.Freshly calved crossbred/indigenous descriptive  (dairy Breed)cows in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of  two  animals each at an interval of 5 to 6 months. 2.Availability of 0.75 to 1(one)  acre of irrigated land is prerequisite for the project, in absence of irrigated land provision of well and pump set has to be included in the project report. 3.Cost of labour has not been taken into consideration since full time labour is not required for the small unit. Family labour will be utilized for maintenance of the dairy farm. 4.Cow dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation. 5.Cost of rearing calves not considered as it will be repealed by their sale 6.In case of death of cow new cow will be purchased from insurance claim money. ·         The scheme will be successful on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific lines. Housing for cows

Floor – it should be Pucca, smooth strong concrete cemented, impervious to moisture ,and have slope 1 in 60 towards gutter. Plinth should be 2ft. higher than ground.  Walls-3ft. high lengthwise brick or wall on sides, End wall should be solid made of bricks. Roof–  it should be 14-16ft. high at the center and 8-9 ft. high on the side wall .there should be  hang over 3ft  beyond wall to prevent rain water  entering cow shade. Roof may be of asbestos, or tile. thatched  roof can replace asbestos in low cost housing.

Techno economic parameters|  |
Type of Animal| CB Jersey CowOr indigenous descriptiveMilch breed| No. of Animals| 4|
Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) including transportation| 27000/cow| Average Milk Yield (litre/day)| 10|
Floor space (sqft) per adult animal| 40|
Floor space (sqft) per calf| 20|
Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.)| 200|
Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.)| 1000|
Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season)| 5000|
Insurance premium (% per annum)| 5|
Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.)| 750|
Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg)| 12|
Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg)| 1|
Rate of interest (%)| 12|
Repayment period (years)| 6|
Selling price of milk/litre (Rs./kg)| 21|
Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag)| 10|
Lactation days| 280|
Dry days| 150|
DAILY FEEDING AND COST CHART FOR DAIRY COWS |
Item| FEEDING STUFF| COST/KGRs.| During lactation period| During dry period| | | | Quantity (kg)| Cost (Rs.)| Quantity (kg)| Cost (Rs.)| i| Concentrate feed| 12| 3.5| 42| 1| 13|

ii| Green fodder| 1| 20| Home grown| 12| Home grown| iii| Dry fodder| 2| 5.5| 11| 5| 10|
 | Total|  |  | 53|  | 22|
Lactation chart/Dry chart|
Sr.No| Particulars|  |  | Years|  |  | |
 |  | I| II| III| IV| V...
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