PROF. TAN SRI DR. SULAIMAN BIN MAHBOB
PROJECT PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT
SYAHRUL NIZZAM BIN NORDIN
OCTOBER 1, 2012
In many developing countries including Malaysia, project planning has been criticized by the World Bank and other organizations for the lack of executing projects, such as delays, corruption, etc. However, project planning is becoming an “increasingly important role in the public administration of developing countries” and “have become critical components of development assistance and basic building blocks in the development process” (Rondinelli 1).
In every project planning, there is a basic process, and this process is called the project planning and management cycle which consists of twelve stages. As many may know, the Petronas Twin Towers is one of the biggest and most successful mega projects in Malaysia, as it helps create a refine image for Kuala Lumpur, increasing attraction for many tourists.
STAGES OF PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT CYCLE
1. The first stage of this project planning and management cycle is Project Identification and Definition. In this stage, microanalysis and macro analysis are performed, including set up of immediate and long-range objectives, identification of beneficiary groups or target areas. When Tun Mahathir, Malaysia’s fourth Prime Minister took office, he had a vision to make Malaysia prosperous, through the increase of investments, tourism, manufacturing etc. He wanted to put Malaysia in the world map, and by establishing a high rise office building, preferably one of the tallest in the world, Malaysia would be known. That was the micro and macro analysis. By having foreign investments and investors, with the increase in tourism, it would help with the growth of the Malaysian economy. 2. The second stage is Project Formulation, Preparation, and Feasibility Analysis. In this stage, the location is researched and identified, along with its objectives and financing planning. The land where the Twin Towers now stand belonged to the Selangor Turf Club. It was the perfect location to place the Twin Towers as this land was located in the center of Kuala Lumpur. T. Ananda Krishnan, a club member and a well-known businessman in Malaysia bought the entire site. Ananda Krishnan did not want the most expensive real estate project to be owned entirely by him and he wanted to develop a property where some Malay has participation in. The only company with the financial resources to do so was PETRONAS, and it bought half of his share. 3. The third stage is Project Design, which composed of the actual blueprint of the project, identifying the potential project manager, etc. Ananda Krishnan suggested holding an international competition for the design of the development. Big names from Japan, U.S, and Britain joined; however, the design that wowed Tun Mahathir was a design from Cesar Pelli (Argentinean architect). The design featured two very tall towers surrounded by lesser towers, a shopping complex and a garden. Tun Mahathir, along with other ministers wanted the towers to have an identifiably Malaysian shape and to incorporate Islamic features. Tun Mahathir requested the building’s base should have the shape of an eight-pointed star, and as the building grew higher, it should become smaller and smaller. The eight-pointed star was a common Islamic architectural pattern which Tun noticed that much of the Moroccan architecture included this eight-pointed star. Tun also suggested that the building should stand on two overlapping squares because great historic buildings of the classical Islamic world had this. 4. The fourth stage is the Project Appraisal, and this is where the cost and benefit analysis is done, along with analyzing the cost estimates, who will fund the project, etc. As mentioned earlier, the PETRONAS and Ananda Krishnan the mega build. However, later on,...