Project Planning and Scheduling

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 84
  • Published : March 9, 2011
Open Document
Text Preview
INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT PLANNING AND SCHEDULING
An application of Linear Programming

OBJECTIVES FOR PLANNING AND SCHEDULING
EFFECTIVE TIME MANAGEMENT DETERMINE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS DETERMINE NECESSARY RESOURCES MONITOR PROJECT PROGRESS

1

PROJECT PLANNING
DETERMINE THE OVERALL OBJECTIVES DETERMINE PRIMARY ACTIVITIES DETERMINE PRECEDENCE HIERARCHY CREATE A PROJECT SCHEDULE NETWORK

PRIMARY COMPONENTS IN A SCHEDULE
ACTIVITIES
SPECIFIC FUNCTION FINITE DURATION

MILESTONES
TARGET DELIVERABLE 0 DURATION

2

EXAMPLE FOR CLASS ACTIVITY
DEVELOP A PLAN TO SATISFY THE MILESTONES IN THE GREENSHEET SCHEDULE DETERMINE NECESSARY ACTIVITIES AND DURATIONS INCLUDE INTERACTIONS WITH COMMITTEE MEMBERS PRESENT THIS SCHEDULE IN A WAY THAT CAN BE REVIEWED CONVENIENTLY

ENGINEERING 295A SCHEDULE – SUMMER 2004
DATE DAY SUBJECT/TOPIC PROJECT ASSIGNMENT/NOTES Mtg . No. 1 2

10-JUN-04 17-JUN-04

THUR THUR

INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT ENGINEERING TEAM DYNAMICS, LITERATURE RESEARCH TECHNIQUES, PRESENTATIONS

Team Formation (If applicable) Selection of Project/Thesis Topic (10%)

24-JUN-04

THUR

01-JUL-04 08-JUL-04 15-JUL-04 22-JUL-04

THUR THUR THUR THUR

29-JUL-04

THUR

4-AUG-04 11-AUG-04

THUR THUR

Assembly of Committee (10%)* Preliminary Project Scope Presentations PROJECT PLANNING AND Completion of Literature SCHEDULING Survey (15%)* Presentations of Results of Literature Survey FUNDAMENTAL PROJECT Complete Project Schedule ECONOMIC ANALYSES (5%)* Complete preliminary economic analysis (10%) Presentations of Project Schedule and Preliminary Economic Analysis Completion of Project Introduction Section(15%)* Final Project Scope Presentations (10) 1** Final Project Scope Presentation (10) 2** FINAL EXAM (15%)

3

4 5 6 7

8

9 10

3

METHODS OF SCHEDULE PRESENTATION - PROJECT NETWORKS
GANNT CHART
BAR CHART CAN BE DEVELOPED FROM A SPREADSHEET

GANNT CHART http://www.smartdraw.com/resources/centers/bpm/images/example_gantt_full.gif

4

http://www.smartdraw.com/resources/examples/business/images/project_gantt_chart_full.gif

GANNT CHART

CPM (CRITICAL PATH METHOD) – USES PROJECT SOFTWARE
USES NODES FOR EVENTS (ACTIVITIES AND MILESTONES) ACTIVITIES ARE CONNECTED WITH ARROWS

5

CPM (CRITICAL PATH METHOD)
http://www.smartdraw.com/resources/examples/business/images/cpm_chart_full.gif

PERT DIAGRAMS (PROJECT EVALUATION AND REVIEW TECHNIQUE (USES PROJECT SOFTWARE) PERT IS A CPM METHOD THAT SHOWS LONGEST AND SHORTEST TIMES USES ARROW PRECENDENCE AND DETERMINES FLOAT

6

PERT DIAGRAMS
http://www.criticaltools.com/pertmain.htm

RESOURCE ALLOCATION (http://asceditor.unl.edu/archives/2002/Jenki ns02.htm) ANALYSIS OF A SCHEDULE ALLOWS COORDINATION TO ASSURE EFFECTIVE USE OF RESOURCES ELIMINATES PEAKS, VALLEYS, MOBILIZATION AND DEMOBILIZATION FREQUENCY

7

RESOURCE ALLOCATION Example

HIGH ALLOCATION AT START REDUCTION/INCREASE SEQUENCE DAYS 3,4, AND 5

RESOURCE ALLOCATION Example

BY REARRANGING JOB SEQUENCE THE FOLLOWING IS POSSIBLE 1. NOTE THE MAXIMUM REQUIREMENT IS REDUCED 2. THERE IS A SINGLE INCREASE/REDUCTION SEQUENCE

8

CONTROL OF PROJECTS
FREQUENT TRACKING ALLOWS A VISUAL INDICATION OF PROGRESS, FRACTION COMPLETED PROJECTS CAN ALSO BE DEFINED IN TERMS OF AVAILABLE FLOAT, USE OF RESOURCES

CONTROL OF PROJECTS
ID 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Task Name Decide on Appropriate Project Check prev ious work in our lab Check prev ious work in other labs Select a project Determine Project Activities Complete Design Determine Necessary Hardware and Materials Locate Assembly Help Locate Materials Preparation Help Locate Demonstration Assistance Obtain Hardware Locate Existing Equipment Prepare Equipment P.O.'s Prepare Materials P.O.'s Approv al and Receipt Assemble Apparatus Assemble Av ailable Equipment Assemble New Equipment Prepare Materials Receiv e and check ordered materials Prepare Test batches...
tracking img