Project on Health: Different Forms of Contraception

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Pills

Description:
Oral contraceptives are one of the most popular forms of birth control for women. They are prescribed by a doctor and come either in a combination pill with the hormones estrogen and progestin or in the form of progestin only. These pills stop ovulation from taking place, and they also block sperm cells by thickening cervical mucus. These come in 21, 28, and 91 day types. Although this method of contraception is effective at preventing pregnancy, it does not prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Effect to one’s health:
* bleeding between periods
* weight gain
* nausea
* breast tenderness
* headaches
* mood change
* blood clots (usually occur only in women over 35 who smoke)

Female Condoms

Description:

Female condoms cover the cervix, the immediate area around the vagina and the vaginal canal itself. They are 7 inches in length and prevent sperm from getting through to the uterus

Effect to one’s health:
While female condoms are simple to use, some women find them irritating to insert and bothersome during sex. Practice and experience with the female condom usually eases concerns. Like the male condom, the female condom must be used properly and consistently in order to be effective.

Diaphragm

Description:
A diaphragm is a dome-shaped rubber device that is placed over the cervix before intercourse. Spermicide chemicals are placed in it to kill any sperm cells that enter the vagina.

Effect to one’s health:
* are not comfortable touching your vagina and vulva
* are sensitive to silicone or spermicide
* gave birth in the last six weeks
* have certain physical problems with your uterus or vagina * have difficulty inserting the diaphragm
* have frequent urinary tract infections
* have a history of toxic shock syndrome
* have poor muscle tone in your vagina
* recently had surgery on your cervix
* recently had an abortion after the first trimester of pregnancy Contraceptive Sponges

Description:
* The contraceptive sponge is a vaginal barrier method that prevents pregnancy by keeping sperm from fertilizing an egg that your ovaries produce each month. The sponge does not protect you from STDs. To lessen the risk of getting an STD, a condom should always be used. Women who are allergic to nonoxynol-9 should not use any vaginal barrier method that contains this spermicide.

* The contraceptive sponge is a small, donut-shaped foam sponge that contains a a spermicide called Nonoxynol-9. It is a non-hormonal vaginal barrier method of birth control that is fairly easy to insert.

Effect to one’s health:
* Allergy
* Irritation
* Toxic Shock syndrome
* Yeast Infection

Vaginal Hormonal Ring

Description:

The vaginal ring is a method of birth control that provides both estrogen and progestin hormones. You need a prescription from your health care provider. The vaginal ring is also used to treat conditions such as irregular periods, menstrual cramps, or endometriosis. Talk to your health care provider to find out if the vaginal ring is right for you.

Remember:
* The vaginal ring is an effective method of birth control. * The ring is also used to treat irregular periods, menstrual cramps, or endometriosis. * The ring releases hormones to stop your ovaries from making eggs. * The ring is left in the vagina for 3 weeks at a time.

Effect to one’s health:
* bleeding between periods
* breast tenderness
* nausea and vomiting

Cervical Cap

Description:

The cervical cap is a soft dome-shaped cup made of silicone, with a firm rounded rim. The rim fits tightly around the base of your cervix. The cap forms a physical barrier to stop sperm from reaching your uterus, so you don't get pregnant. Spermicidal gel is always used with the cervical cap to kill or paralyze sperm.

Effect to one’s health:

* Vaginal Irritation
* The number of bladder infection...
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