According PMI (2000) “a project is a temporary endeavour undertaken to create a unique product, service or result”. The temporary nature indicates a definite beginning and end of a project. It is also difficult to define a project because they vary according to size; it can be either be really small or large depending. Another definition of a project is a “temporary organization that is created for the purpose of delivering one or more business products according to an agreed Business Case.” Prince2 (2009) manual
Some characteristics of a project are it is temporary, unique, progressive elaboration and focused.
“Project Management can be defined as the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements”. PMI (2000)
“Project management is the science (and art) of organizing the components of a project, whether the project is development of a new product, the launch of a new service, a marketing campaign, or a wedding. A project isn't something that's part of normal business operations. It's typically created once, it's temporary, and it's specific. As one expert notes, "It has a beginning and an end." A project consumes resources (whether people, cash, materials, or time), and it has funding limits”. MPUG.com copyright 2007-2012
Good project management is being able to manage the project through its life cycle.
I. Critically Evaluate the Calibre of Project Management Techniques Employed so far on the Project
A. Non Existing Project Life Cycle or Project charter
1. First to begin there were no project charter; there were no concise statements proper planning or intent in order to provide the direction for everything that comes next. Therefore there would be no tool for judging the effectiveness of a development effort. However, objectives were made for them to identify all the patients that had come into contact with Nurse X; they also had to send them confidential letter offering them counselling and an initial saliva-based HIV test; as well as supporting the temporary call centre set up to handle calls in response to the letter and they also had to book 20 minutes counselling/ HIV test session with counsellors mobilised specifically for the project. There also were no project life cycle to indicate any sequential project phase
B. Term of Reference, Project Timescale and Costs
2. There wasn’t a precise term of reference although they had a timescale and a budget it was not done in properly nor was it detailed. Persons just gave an approximate budget figure without really going into detail about goods that they wanted to purchase; they just assumed that budget figure will cover all expenses. Maylor (2010) refers to ‘costing by wishful thinking’ which is influenced by, improper use of estimates, failure to be systematic about planning and also the political influence.
3. Activity Based Costing was designed by Consortium for Advanced Management-International in the 1970’s and 1980’s.Activity-based costing according to Judith Baker (1998,p.2), is based on ‘cost measures and performance measures’ and she further states, ‘costing is a methodology that measures the cost and performance of activities, resources, and cost objects’. 4. As well as their timescale, the researcher asked the question: how did they come up with that time? The researcher have no evidence as to how they came up with that time so it can be assume that a time was approximated on when the project would have been finish.
5. With the absence of the project charter you cannot define a project scope therefore the researcher can safely say that there was no project scope. There was no detail at all for each stage of the project.
C. HRM Practices
6. The Head of the CCDC nominated as the project director who was a member of the CCDC team for this project and from the outset...
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