Project Man

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Projects in Computing and Information Systems
A Student’s Guide
Second Edition

Christian W. Dawson

Projects in Computing and Information Systems

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Projects in Computing and Information Systems
A Student’s Guide

Second Edition

CHRISTIAN W. DAWSON

For Jacob and Ben
Pearson Education Limited Edinburgh Gate Harlow Essex CM20 2JE England and Associated Companies throughout the world Visit us on the World Wide Web at: www.pearsoned.co.uk First published 2005 Second edition 2009 © Pearson Education Limited 2005, 2009 The right of Christian W. Dawson to be identified as author of this Work has been asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without either the prior written permission of the publisher or a licence permitting restricted copying in the United Kingdom issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd, Saffron House, 6-10 Kirby Street, London EC1N 8TS. All trademarks used therein are the property of their respective owners. The use of any trademark in this text does not vest in the author or publisher any trademark ownership rights in such trademarks, nor does the use of such trademarks imply any affiliation with or endorsement of this book by such owners. ISBN 978-0-273-72131-4 British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Dawson, Christian W. Projects in computing and information systems : a student’s guide / Christian W. Dawson. —2nd ed. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-273-72131-4 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Electronic data processing. 2. Information technology. I. Title. QA76.D3333326 2009 004—dc22 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 13 12 11 10 09 Typeset in 9.75/12pt Galliard Printed in Great Britain by Henry Ling Ltd., at the Dorset Press, Dorchester, Dorset. The publisher’s policy is to use paper manufactured from sustainable forests. 2009006227

Contents

Preface Acknowledgements

ix xi 1 3 3 4 9 11 13 14 14 15 15 20 23 25 35 36 36

Section 1 – The background 1 Introduction
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Introduction What are (computing) projects? Degree requirements Stakeholders How this book is arranged Summary Action points

2 Research
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 What is research? The research process Classifying research Research methods Summary Further reading Action points

v

vi

Contents

Section 2 – Setting your project’s foundation 3 Choosing a project and writing a proposal 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Choosing a project 3.3 Preparing a project proposal 3.4 Choosing your supervisor 3.5 Summary 3.6 Exercise 3.7 Action points Solutions to selected exercises

37 39 39 40 50 57 57 58 58 58 59 60 62 65 80 85 86 86 86 87 87 91 93 102 103 104 109 109 109 111 113 114 115 118 119 120 124 128 128 129 130

4

Project planning and risk management
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 Introduction Project definition Project planning Risk management Summary Further reading Exercises Action points

5

Literature searching and literature reviews
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 Introduction The literature survey process Literature searching Managing information Critical evaluation Writing literature reviews Summary...
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