Progressivism: Jazz and American History Midterm

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American History Midterm Paper
3/01/12

Progressivism is an umbrella label for a wide range of economic, political, social, and moral reforms. These included efforts to outlaw the sale of alcohol; regulate child labor and sweatshops; scientifically manage natural resources; insure pure and wholesome water and milk; Americanize immigrants or restrict immigration altogether; and bust or regulate trusts. Drawing support from the urban, college-educated middle class, Progressive reformers sought to eliminate corruption in government, regulate business practices, address health hazards, improve working conditions, and give the public more direct control over government through direct primaries to nominate candidates for public office, direct election of Senators, the initiative, referendum, and recall, and women's suffrage In this paper I plan to discuss how the 1920’s were a time when Americans attempted to repudiate progressivism and recapture the political, cultural and social values of the nineteenth century. To begin, in the 1920’s political values focused on immigration and prohibition. After World War 1 the U.s allowed fewer than 200, 000 immigrants to enter the country annually which was a huge change from a nation that admitted over 1 million immigrants a year. This time period was called The First Red Scare, a time in which the Justice department arrested and departed alien anarchist and Communist suspected of trying to destroy American democracy and capitalism this lead to the congress passing the 1921 Emergency Immigration Act. This Act set limits on how many European immigrant could enter the country a year and how many could come from each European nation. About three years later congress made these limits permanent in the 1924 Immigration Act. A law that allowed unrestricted immigration from Western Hemisphere, curtailed all Asian immigration, and used quotas to control how many immigrants emigrated from individual European nations. Meanwhile...
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