Progressive Era and the New Deal (Question 5)
During the Progressive Era, the reformers were stricter and did not provide direct help, while the reformers in the New Deal were a little more direct in helping Americans. The progressive era policies were more concerned with correcting the society. All three presidents during this time period, including Theodore Roosevelt, Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson, implemented some progressive reforms. It was the government’s policy to correct social and economic problems as well as to provide assistance for the people. Conversely, during the New Deal, most policies and programs were passed by the federal government. One of the greatest programs was the Temperance Movement, the 18th amendment, which prohibited alcohol for any reason. This was one of the major challenges because many people consumed alcohol to forget about their economic and personal problems. Along with the 18th amendment came others such as the 19th amendment, the Woman Suffrage Movement, which was meant to provide women with voting rights and to protect them from abuse. However, women were not so lucky at work because even though they worked for many hours, they did not get paid enough, which in part was considered abuse. Although they were not being treated very equally, women were considered the moral guardians and protectors of the home. It was right for women to move into the public sphere where they could fix issues such as hygiene and education. Children, like women, were protected from abuse. Because of the labor shortage, children were hired to work in factories in which they could harm themselves if they were not careful, and like women, they were not paid enough even if they worked for long and many hours. For children abuse there were the child labor laws such as the Tax on Employment of Child Labor and the Keating-Owen Act, which provided protection for them and also they received help to improve school and help if they had committed any...
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