Progreesive Era Through the Great Depression

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Progressive Era through the Great Depression

The Progressive Era

Around the 1910’s, most Americans were anxious about the rapid economic and social changes that confronted the United States, including industrialization, the rise of powerful corporations, the growth of cities and the mass arrivals of immigrants. This period was known as the Progressive Era. Two major historical turning points that took place during this time were (1) Women earned the right to vote and (2) Education.

Women Suffrage
The early 1900s saw a successful push for the vote through a coalition of suffragists, temperance groups, reform-minded politicians, and women's social-welfare organizations. Although Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton devoted 50 years to the woman's suffrage movement, neither lived to see women gain the right to vote. But their work and that of many other suffragists contributed to the ultimate passage of the 19th amendment in 1920. Two groups that contributed to the passage of the 19th amendment the women organizations the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), founded in 1890, and the National Women’s Party (NWP), founded in 1913 and led by Alice Paul. Alice Paul and other women of the National Women's Party picketed the White House. They wanted then President Woodrow Wilson to support a Constitutional amendment giving all American women suffrage, or the right to vote. Women gained voting right in the west before the east and south and many wonder why. I believe it was because of money and development the powers that be were interested in getting the women votes to help them control development by supporting their agenda in congress, in other words the more votes they had to help their party win the election the more powerful they would become and the more money they would make. The eastern states considered themselves already powerful without the help of women and some of the women were either afraid to stand up or just content with living in the world as it was and they did not believe things would change. The southern states who remained without a powerful political party for a long time and who were set in their old fashioned ways considered women voters as a threat to their way of life. Education

The goal of the Progressive for education during the Progressive Era was to help improve individuals so they could become better in their jobs and participate in politics, but some individuals argued differenty. Throughout time the question of skill versus education has always been an issue in society. During the 19th century Booker T. Washington encouraged blacks to learn a trade or skill where they could obtain work with their hands that would help their family prosper. Washington’s philosophies were that if you obtain an education that would give you a specific skill it would help establish blacks. The skills he promoted were those that would turn sharecroppers into farmers or cotton pickers into seamstress. During this time which was not long after emancipation this was a good idea for blacks. However, some blacks were still afraid of change but the majority of blacks embraced his ideas. Washington later gave one of the most influential speeches addressing both whites and blacks at an agricultural convention in Atlanta, Georgia. This speech would be known as the Atlanta Exposition. In this speech he writes “No race can prosper till it learns that there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem”. Meaning obtaining the skills to work with your hands is just as important as obtaining skills to write. In short, Washington believed that by obtaining skills of a physical nature would be more feasible for blacks and would allow them to lift themselves in society. {Atlanta Exposition, The African American Odyssey-5th edition} In contrast to his ideas and philosophies there was a man by the name of W. E. B. Du Bois. (Du Bois) Du Bois believed that if blacks...
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