Programme Notes

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Programme Note: DipABRSM|
Date: 1st June 2009|
Word Count: 1,085 words |

Partita for solo violin no.3 in E, BWV 1006
J.S Bach (b. 21 March 1685 in Eisenach;d. 28 July 1750 in Leipzig) Bach was the son of Johann Ambrosius Bach, court trumpeter for the Duke of Eisenach and director of musicians of the town of Eisenach in Thuringia. It is probably from his father that he learned the fundamentals of music. The Bach family throughout Thuringia had held positions such as organists, town instrumentalists, or Cantors, for many years and the family name enjoyed widespread renown for their musical talent. While he was ten, he was orphaned and went to live with his elder brother Johann Christoph, organist at St. Michael's Church, where he was given lessons on the organ and the keyboard. The term ‘Partita’ refers to a suite of dances. It was (assumed) written for Bach’s wife, Maria. A transition for lute was also made by the composer, cataloged as BWV 1006a. The term ‘Loure’ originally was a form of French bagpipe music but later the meaning changed to a slow dance accompanied by the bagpipe. Bach did not have any bagpipe accompaniment to his partita. It is in six four meter with double dotted rhythms leaning heavily on the strong beats, 1 and 3. It is typically gentle while the triple-stopping gives it grandness. The Gavotte en Rondeau is a gavotte in rondo form. Gavottes have a full upbeat, which is typical of this dance form. Mansbridge's tempo was approximately 76 beats per minute (half-notes). The Gavotte en Rondeau, the fourth movement, is similar to the prelude through its lively and energetic theme. Gavotte is an old French dance. As the name suggests, it is set up as a kind of rondo, with restatements of the opening material surrounding contrasting episodes; the happy gavotte tune is played five times in all (six if one counts the repeat of the opening eight bars). This is the reason why it is so catchy.

Violin sonata...
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