Profiling and Security Screening at US airports
Since 9/11, security has become a major issue in the United States. For the last ten years security has become one of the top priorities of the US government. Airports, sea ports, government departments and even private institutions have planned and implemented security programs all over the country to ensure the protection of the citizens of the US. Airports are the main gates used by most of the travelers to enter a state from abroad or to travel from one city to another within a country. In this era of war, terrorism and retaliation, airports have to strictly monitor the individuals entering or leaving the country through air travel. The attacks of 9/11 have increased pressure on the aviation authorities of almost all the countries in the world including the US to manage and monitor the flow of passengers using air travel. Managements of airports all over the US have revamped and implemented tight security programs to tackle the problem of potential terrorists entering the US. A few days after the 9/11 attacks Congress passed the Aviation and Transport security Act. Later, Transportation Security Administration (TSA) was established. In accordance with TSA, government employees were given the charge of airport security all over the country. The TSA has implemented programs for screening passengers and the baggage that they carry. X-rays scanners, metal detectors, and bomb detectors were initially used for the screening. Later on, during 2010, full body scanner, pat downs and strip searches were also introduced by the TSA which led to much rage and criticism amongst the passengers.[ http://www.cfr.org/publication/23673/debate_over_airport_security.html] Some questions were raised by experts over the effectiveness of such security programs which led to the introduction of profiling. Profiling uses the available information about passengers to judge whether they are low risk or high risk. Information such as...
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