The Beltway Snipers
Corey I. Robinson
Administration of Justice
Professor James Sheerin
December 7, 2009
Washington, District of Columbia is our nations illustrious capital city, and, being the home of the president of the United States of America should be considered to be a safe place. That however is not the case now, nor was it in 2002, when an unusual team terrorized a city, and a nation for weeks. These men, John Allen Muhammad, and Lee Boyd Malvo, will forever live in infamy, Known by all as the Beltway Snipers. In this paper I will discuss how their killing spree showed how police agencies, Judges, and District Attorneys all over the eastern United States worked in unison to bring these monsters to justice. I will also profile their investigation from initial suspicions of a serial killer, to the arrest, the trial and conviction of Muhammad and Malvo. Muhammad Before The Killings
Johnathan Allen Muhammad was a seemingly normal child and a normal man, the key word is seemingly in this situation. He was born on December 30, 2009 in Louisiana. He was raised by his aunt for most of his life. His mother died when he was four years of age. After finishing high school John married Carol Kaglear. Shortly after, he joined the Army National Guard, specifically a unit based in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.(A&E Television, 2009) His military career was a roller coaster for him. He was disciplined twice in the National Guard, the incident that got him discharged sometime in the early 1980's, was an altercation in which he punched a non-commissioned officer. In 1985, Muhammad was then awarded the Army's highest award for marksmanship for a normal soldier before he was discharged in 1994 as a sergeant following the Gulf War. Muhammad joined the Oregon National Guard in 1995. John tried small business ownership two separate times. One time was an auto mechanic shop, and the other was a karate school. They both failed miserably, and Mr. Muhammad ended up on the streets for a number of months. John Muhammad's criminal career didn't start out as mass murder, he started out with a few speeding infractions, that resulted in him getting his license suspended two times and being arrested twice for driving with said suspended license. Then he moved up the ladder slowly to shoplifting, stealing $27 worth of food from a grocery store in Tacoma, Washington. His next step on the criminal step ladder was his restraining order his second wife, Mildred Muhammad took out on him in 1999. He then fled to Antigua with his three children he had had with Mildred. This is believed to be the place where he found his soon to be accomplice, Lee Boyd Malvo. Shortly after fleeing the country John returned back to the United States, and settled in Bellingham, Washington, with the children. Police later found the children and returned them to their mother. Unusually, no charges where filed on Muhammad for what could have been a federal kidnapping charge, that could have prevented Muhammad from finding Lee Boyd Malvo and killing 10 people throughout 3 antagonizing weeks in 2002. Malvo Before The Killings
Lee Boyd Malvo was born February, 18, 1985 in Kingston, Jamaica. He is the son of Una James and Leslie Samuel Malvo, and spent most of his time as a child in Kingston. His father walked out on him and his mother was known to leave Malvo with others to care for him, so he was moved around a lot. He spent most of his time unsupervised on the streets. Some time in 1998 Lee and his mother moved to Antigua. Apparently this is where John Allen Muhammad met him in early 1999. Malvo and his mother moved to Miami in 2001. Lee attended high school for a few months, until they moved again to Bellingham, Washington. (A&E Television, 2009) It has been speculated on that Muhammad dated Malvo's mother for a while, but it nothing was testified on that fact in the courts proceedings. (Associated Press, 2003) How The Snipers Came...