April 23, 2012
Professional Regulation and Criminal Liability
The profession discussed in this paper is going to be that of a doctor. Doctors have a challenging road ahead of them once they decide to become a doctor. Potential doctors must attend college, which first requires them to earn a Bachelors of Arts (BA) or a Bachelors of Science (BS) degree. The difference in these degrees is the BA is a humanities curriculum and the BS is a science based curriculum. The type of profession will determine which degree is better suited for an individual. This degree will take three to four years to complete. Once the Bachelors degree is obtained, the pre-med student must take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), which is a multiple choice test lasting five hours. Medical schools will pay close attention to the grades student receive when making their selections for admission. Medical school will take another four years to complete. During this time, the first two years are dedicated to book teachings and work in laboratories to prepare the student to be able to detect and diagnose disease and illness. “In the second year, the student is required to take the first part of United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), which is given by the National Board of Medical Examiners” (Education-Portal, n.d., para. 5). The next two years are spent with other doctors who guide and teach them through the clinical aspects of medical school and they will also complete the second half of their licensing test in the fourth year. The next step is for the medical student is to complete their residency. The number of years spent is residency is three to seven years depending on whether the student is going to specialize in a certain field, such as cardiology or internal medicine. The medical resident is given the final part of their licensing test during the first year of residency. Each state requires different licensing requirements. Michigan, for instance, “requires a potential physician to submit a 21 page application packet, $150.00 dollars, submission of fingerprints and background check, and submit scores of the USMLE” (Lamb, 2012, para. 3). Michigan only issues three different medical licenses. The three are: “Doctor of Medicine; a Clinical Academic Limited Physician license; and an Educational Limited Physician license” (Lamb, 2012, para.2). The Doctor of Medicine license is issued for four months to a year depending on when it was issued. Renewals are good for three years along with renewal fees and 150 hours of continuing education. Credentialing There are many requirements for doctors. One is to make sure he is licensed and capable of providing care to his patients. Credentialing is a way to formally recognize that the doctor is qualified and competent in providing care to his patients. Credentialing verifies the doctor meets the standards as determined by such organizations by reviewing the physician’s licensing, certifications, education, experience, and performance among other things. Doctors must also give any information about their previous state practices. Each state has certain requirements that must be followed. Regulatory agencies provide education and training for the physician and their staff to ensure they are compliant with the rules and regulations that must be followed, such as the policies set forth by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), which states a patient’s right to privacy and confidentiality. If a doctor violated this act they can be held accountable and fined. A patient can bring suit against a doctor for malpractice also. Doctors must carry insurance for protection should they be held accountable for their acts. Civil and Misconduct Complaint Processes Misconduct complaints dealing with inadequate care or...