Learning Outcome 1- Understand what is meant by Counselling
The term counselling facilitates personal and interpersonal functioning across the lifespan with the main focus on emotional, vocational, social, educational, health related and developmental concerns this encompasses a broad range of practices that help people to improve their well being, alleviate stress and maladjustment, reslove crisis and increases their ability to live more fully functioning lives. Counselling is unique in its attention to both normal developmental issues as well as the problems associated with physical, emotional and mental disorders. The BACP states that “counselling takes place when a counsellor see a client in a private and confidential setting to explore a difficulty the client is having, distress they may be experiencing or perhaps their dissatisfaction with life or loss of a sense of direction and purpose. It is always at the request of the client as no one can properly be ‘sent’ for counselling. In the sessions the client can explore variouse aspects of their life and feelings, talking about them freelyand openly in a way that is rarely possible with friends and family. Bottled up feelings such as anger, anxiety, greif and embarrasment can become very intense and counselling offers an oppertunity to explore them, with the possibility of making them easier to understand.”(BACP Guidelines 2010) Counselling can be defined as a relativley short to mid term, interpersonal, theory based porcess for helping people who are fundamentally psychologically healthy resolve developmental and situational issues. As I work with the Person-centred approach which was developed by Carl Rogers (1902-1987). Rogers believed that a lot of therapies being used at the time took away the opportunity for the client to help themselves. Rogers strongly believed that only the client knew what was best for them and so he developed Person Centred Therapy. A definition of PCT taken from the BACP journal (1984) is:  'The term counselling includes work with individuals and with relationships which may be developmental, crisis support, psychotherapeutic guiding or problem solving...The task of counselling is to give the client the opportunity to explore, discover and clarify ways of living more satisfyingly and resourcefully'.
My philosophical approach to counselling is that to enable a person to become all that they can be. After learning about the person centred approach I feel that it is a gift to be able to help a client who comes in distressed and through using the core conditions, unconditional positive regard, empathy and genuiness as well as making them feel safe they take the journey to self actualisation, and end up realising that they are now empowered to work towards becoming are more fully functioning human being. I believe that the client as their own best authority on their own experiences, and they are capeable of fulfilling their potential for growth. To acknowledge parts of one and accept who we truely are by being honest, also by being able to shed our protective armour and drop the pretence we show the outside world. We must also have a willingness to heal.
Counselling is often thought of as a talking therapy- It is a process whereby a ‘client’s given the time and space to explore and understand their problems in a safe environment. To be able to help a person who is struggling is a gift, being able to encourage another human being to embark on a journey of self discovery is extreamly satisfying, to help them to acknowledge who they truely are. Firstly however, to be able to embrace change we must be ready. To have someone listen to them, not only listen but to know you have been heard and understood can have a powerful and positive effect. You have to have trust in the relationship until this has been established how can you expect the counselling process to be succesful. We all put up barriers which it is the...
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