FACULTATEA DE LITERE
SPECIALIZAREA LIMBI MODERNE APLICATE
LUCRARE DE DIPLOMĂ
TRANSILVANIA UNIVERSITY OF BRAŞOV
FACULTY OF LETTERS
DEPARTMENT OF APPLIED MODERN LANGUAGES
PRODUCTIVITY OF WORD-FORMATION PROCESSES
CHAPTER ONE: HISTORICAL APPROACHES TO WORD – FORMATION
A PREVIEW TO THE PRESENT UNDERSTANDING OF THIS LINGUISTIC COMPONENT IN THE LANGUAGE10 I.1.The advent of Word-Formation - a brief outline of the historical background and some general theoretical frameworks10 I.2. Prominent figures and their theoretical innovative approaches – a landmark in the field of word-formation13 CHAPTER TWO: WORD STRUCTURE AND LEXEME-FORMATION FEATURES20 II.1. The linguistic sign. What is a word?20
II.1.1. The equivocal interpretation of ‘Word’21
II.2. Classification and structure of morphemes23
II.2.1. Roots, stems, bases25
II.3. The lexical side of word-formation27
II.3.1. Established and potential words27
II.3.2. Word-formation processes - their status and role as word-building mechanisms27 CHAPTER THREE: PRODUCTIVITY RESOURCES AND WORDS IN THE MIND35 III.1 The boundaries of the lexicon35
III.1.1. Defining productivity: the productivity of word-formation rules36 III.1.2. Productivity and Creativity. Constraints on productivity38 III.2. Psycholinguistic aspects: productivity and the mental lexicon41 CHAPTER FOUR: PRODUCTIVE TRENDS IN ENGLISH WORD-FORMATION AND BLEND STRUCTURES42 A. INTERNET, SOCIAL NETWORKING, TELECOMMUNICATIONS46
B. ECONOMICS, FINANCE, CORPORATE CULTURE57
C. SCIENCE, MEDICINE69
Interpretation of the corpus and insights into results79 CONCLUSIONS87
The present paper attempts to provide an outline of theoretical contributions which encompass a number of remarkable works on English word-formation, a productive linguistic phenomenon vastly exploited by language users. The unveiling of these theoretical approaches is intended to persuade readers that word-formation is an active forming process, an innate mental device tailored for every rational soul which involves the knowledge of how to assemble words.
A range of word-formation patterns prevalent in the English language shall be illustrated by analyzing their structural characteristics. This paper attempts to clarify the fact that language users not only possess a language faculty which stocks innate knowledge of linguistic principles, rules and constraints but also the ability to extend the language system. The paper shall also draw a distinction between the notions of ‘productivity’ and ‘creativity’.
The practical part of this paper is based on a corpus of words collected from a number of fields. The analysis shall examine particular terms representative for the most productive morphological processes in English and shall investigate the presence of a current preferred word-formation process. The connection between the never-ending developments that occur mostly in technology and science and the demand for establishing a new dimension of communication shall be unveiled.
This paper is concerned with the fast-paced emergence of the controversial linguistic phenomenon responsible for the incessant morphological productivity in language which is most seemingly and commonly referred to as “word-formation”. The occurrence and evolution of this prevalent phenomenon that has unpredictable effects on the English language system is subjected to the speakers’ morphological competence and linguistic needs which change according to certain stages of transition...