The morning on September 11th was like any other morning. People went to work, and went on about their normal routines. In our airports that day people were checking in their bags, walking through metal detectors, and sending carry-ons through the x-ray machines. The day was anything but normal when members of Al-Qaeda had planned to hijack four commercial passenger jet airliners. Since then security has been a common topic of controversy. Numerous changes have taken place at all airports to prevent any attacks from happening again. In this paper, we focus on innovative technology production in airline security, the federalization of passenger screening operations, changes that are mainly visible to federal regulatory responses to the 9/11 attacks related to improving airline security, we will review airport security procedures, and explain the production in passengers and baggage screening technology, concluding on the TSA role in airport security.
Keywords: TSA: Transportation Security Administration. Al-Qaeda: A global broad based militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden sometime between August 1988 and late 1989.
Airport Security and Passengers
Safety in the aviation Industry
Each day hundreds of flights depart from other countries en route to and from the United States, so security is important along with working with foreign countries to secure all transportation of airlines. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) protects its passengers by inspecting air carrier operations to the U.S, assessing the security of airports overseas, and addresses many compliances and reviews of airport security. One of the main goals of every airport and airline is to make sure the passengers experience is safe, easy, and problem free. Airports take a lot of behind the scenes work to handle the thousands of people who use the airport each day as well as their luggage. Airports are constantly running countless systems to make things run smoothly, much of which is never thought about by passengers who uses the airport. Baggage handling is an important part of the airports job; An airport’s baggage handling system has 4 basic functions: (1) to move the bags quickly and efficiently from the check-in area to the departure gate, (2) to move bags from one gate to another during transfers (connecting flights), (3) to move bags from the arrival gate to the baggage-claim area, (4) and lastly, to provide a step somewhere along the line for Transportation Security Administration (TSA) to scan bags for explosives or other hazardous materials before the bag makes it to the airplane’s cargo hold. Effective and fast security procedures have always been an important goal for airports and airlines to ensure safe and successful travel for the public and the nation as a whole. After the attacks on September 11th, security measures have been drastically increased, leading to PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY 5
more work for the airport, longer waiting times for passengers, and more steps needed to get people and baggage from the street to their airplane. The Aviation and Transportation Security Act, which created the TSA in 2001, mandated that by the end of 2002, 100% of checked baggage must be electronically screened for explosives or other weapons. This is an enormous task for airports. Most passengers these days know that when they check in a bag, it is required to go though screening before entering the plane, just like they and their carry-on baggage does. However, what most people are unaware of is what goes on behind the scenes. According to the TSA, there are currently two methods of screening checked baggage, what the TSA refers to as “Stand-alone” inspection systems, and the new more efficient “In-line” inspection systems. The “Stand-alone” inspection systems or the “manual” inspection systems are often found near check-in counters and they are very labor intensive and usually require 2-3 TSA...