Product Life Cycle of Nokia

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Kapil Kumar
1807 A01
Regd Id 10810515

The product life cycle
The most effective way to reduce the impact on the environment is to integrate environmental considerations into the product development process. To do this, designers must consider the environmental impact of materials, energy and toxicity across an e–product’s entire life cycle. The product life cycle begins when raw materials are extracted from the earth and ends when the materials from the products are reused, recycled, recovered or discarded. Currently, most of what we produce goes straight to landfill. The aim is to close the loop and recycle materials back into the manufacturing process. This will conserve the earth’s mineral resources, save energy (by reducing mining and transportation) and reduce waste. NOKIA PRODUCT CYCLE

Life cycle thinking, the so called “cradle to grave” approach, requires that environmental performance of all members in the chain is known and managed.

M= Material
E= Energy
W= Waste &

Ever wondered where your toaster came from? Every product goes through many different Stages - from the raw materials to the finished item - and production processes

Raw materials
Stage 1
*mining metal ore and smelting into metal alloys
*pumping oil and cracking into fuel to make plastics
*refining sand into glass and semiconductors
*cutting trees and processing them into wood or paper

Stage 2
Manufacture – parts formation and assembly
*transforming material into part via mould or tool
*combining parts into subassemblies
*combining subassemblies into products
*packing products for distribution

Stage 3
Purchase – from shelf to users
*exposure of product in retail outlet
*support by advertising media
*information about product (staff, advertising, leaflet)
Stage 4
Use – consumption of product
*installation of products
*First use
*regular use
*maintenance and repair

Stage 5
Disposal –...
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