Product and Material

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Course title: Product and Material in modern society
Course code: ME1D02
Project title: Application of materials in kitchenware: Frying Pan Name: Pun, Yinkiu
Student ID: 12118148d
Page number:
Submission Date: 30th November, 2012

Content
Section 1: Introduction and Objective-------------------------------------------p.3 Section 2: Literature review--------------------------------------------------------p.4 Section 3: Methodology-------------------------------------------------------------p.5 Section 4: Findings and Analyses

4.1. Thermal conductivity and resistance--------------------p.5-7 4.2. Toxicity and Durability-------------------------------------p.7-8 4.3. Material cycle-------------------------------------------------p.8-9 4.5. Manufacturing cost and market availability ---------p.8-11 Section 5: Conclusion----------------------------------------------------------p.12-13

Introduction
Frying pan is a kind of cookware which can be commonly found in the kitchen. It is typically sized 8 to 12 inches in diameter with a long handle and a flat bottom. A frying pans an important food-preparation tool because it is mainly used for frying and searing food over high heat. Therefore, a conventional frying pan should not be warped easily and should be able to conduct heat evenly. Choosing the right and suitable materials to make a frying pan can help task into an exercise in success. The most suitable material is going to be selected through comparisons among copper and aluminum alloys, which are commonly used in designing frying pan.

This report is consisted of three parts. The first part is the introduction and objection. Second part is the findings and analyses through comparing two kinds of materials and the conclusion will be the last part.

Objective
People normally pick copper, cast iron, and aluminum alloys as the raw material for making a frying pan because of its mechanical properties. This report is going to find out the most optimal material to make a frying pan through comparing the mechanical properties of these two kinds of metals.

Methodology
The choice of material for cookware has a significant effect on its performance. Therefore, it is essential to select a kind of suitable material used in design. Metals are selected for manufacturing frying pans because they are strong in structure and not easy to be deformed. Two kinds of metals are chosen to look into whereas the nature of metals,

Several criteria is set for selecting the most suitable material, are as follow: 1. Thermal conductivity and resistance ,
2. Toxicity,
3. Durability,
4. Material cycle,
5. Manufacturing cost and market availability.

Difference data and statistic will be found from difference books, articles, websites etc. there will be not only written report but also the findings will be shown in charts.

Literature review
Copper frying pans were first used in the ancient Mesopotamia. Frying pans were also used in ancient Greece and Rome. The English word "pan" comes from the Latin "patina." They were called teganon to the Greeks and known as patella by the Romans. It is thought that frying pans were used in the preparation of grain dishes as well. When skillets first came about there were deep much like a saucepan. The term frying pan was first recorded to be used in the English language around 1382 by a man named John Wyclif. He used it in translation of the bible. The used of the word fry pan didn’t occur regularly before around the 1950’s. When it did occur it was mainly referred to as the omelet pan or the double fry pan, the invention of the electric pan for frying marked the “fry pan” revival. In America and England fry pans that had legs were commonly known as spiders.

Findings and Analyses
I. Thermal conductivity and resistance
* Copper
Copper is an extremely good conductor of heat because have it has high thermal conductivity .The coefficient of the thermal...
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