What is a process?
A process is continuous series of steps that produces a result. When you write a process analysis paragraph, you explain how to do something or how something works. Therefore, there are two actual processes: directional process and informational process. In both cases process analysis explains the process by breaking it down into a fixed order of detailed steps. Your process analysis paragraph should:
1- have a title
2- begin with the introduction of the process. (This may include the name, steps and purpose of the process.) 3- focus on a specific process.
4- fulfill a clear purpose.
5- answer the questions, “How do you do the process?” or “What are the steps in the process?” 6- have clear explanations or instructions.
7- be organized step-by-step.
8- label steps clearly with sequence markers such as first, next, then etc. 9- avoid conversational “you” whenever possible.
10- preferably end with a concluding or a summary sentence. (This may include the outcome of the process or summary of the steps.) 11- In order for the process to be completed, the subject of directional process analysis paragraph requires a form of human or machine or animal assistance (e.g. how to make coffee using electric percolator, how to develop an ordinary black and white film, police dog training). Nevertheless, subjects like ‘how the heart pumps blood to all parts of the body’ may not be suitable for directional analysis since it is a natural process which takes place without the need of directions. 12- Try to use passive voice whenever possible.
Activity 1: Study the following paragraph. Underline the transition words and complete the analysis. Sending an E-mail
There are several stages to follow in the process of sending a message by e-mail. First, enter the e-mail address by paying attention to spelling because if any of the letters or characters is missing or wrong, the message cannot reach the receiver. Then, type and edit the message in order to organize your thoughts and to leave out the unnecessary information. One should bear in mind that long messages tie up the network. Besides, they are difficult to read. Then, click the “send” button so that the message can be transmitted to the receiver’s computer. Finally, the whole message appears on the receiver’s computer almost instantly. If a person follows these directions, he can communicate with his friends easily. Analysis
E-mail address is entered the message is _________ the message is ______.
Activity 2: Choose appropriate transition words to connect the steps in this paragraph about preparing for a trip.Planning a holiday abroad? Here are some suggestions to make your tripsuccessful. a) ……………………….. find out if you need a visa for the country that you want to visit. Make sure you have enough time to apply for it b) ………………. you buy your ticket. c) ………………………. you have found out about visas, you should research airfares and timetables. d) …………………………, look for the best flight for you. Remember, the cheapest flight may stop over several cities and reduce the amount of time you have to spend at your destination. You might want to fly direct. e) …………………. you are researching flights, you can also ask your travel agent about getting a good deal on a hotel. It is a good idea to book your flight and hotel early if you are sure of your destination. If you have not already done it, the f)…………………… step is to learn about places to visit, the weather, the food, and other details about the country. The Internet can be a very useful source of information. g) ……………………………, on the day of your flight, make sure you go to the airport at least two hours before your flight. Now you are ready to start enjoying your holiday!|
Activity 3: The steps in the following paragraphs are not in the correct order. Put them into correct order numbering them from 1 to 4. A-How to clean a cell phone
Topic sentence: There are...