Problems and Prospects of Ship Breaking Industries of Bangladesh

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Problems and Prospects of Ship Breaking Industries of Bangladesh

Submitted to:
Mohammad Badruzzaman Bhuiyan
Adjunct Faculty
Department of Business Administration
East West University

Submitted by:
Md. Mahedi Hasan
ID# 2008-3-10-035
Section-1

Date of Submission: July 15, 2012

EAST WEST UNIVERSITY

Table of Contents

Abstract……………………………………………………………………………..1 Key words……………………………………………………………………………..2 Executive Summary……….…………………………………………………………….3 1.0 Introduction…………………………………………………………………..4-6 1.1 Objective of the Report……………………………………………………..5 1.2 Scope and Methodology…...………………………………………………...5 1.2.1 Primary Source……………………………………………………..5 1.2.2 Secondary Source……………………………………………..5 1.3 Limitations……………………………………………………………..5

2.0 Body of the Report …………………………………………………………6-10
2.1 Prospect of ship breaking industry……………………………..6
2.1.1 Production of steel..……………………………………………6
2.1.2 Green industry (if properly recycled)….………………………….6
2.1.3 Source of revenue.…………………………………………….7
2.1.4 Employment Opportunity…..…………………………………7 2.2 Environmental Impact ……………………………..7
2.2.1 Pollutants discharged from shipbreaking….………………….7
2.2.1.1 Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP's)….………….8
2.2.1.2 Asbestos.…………………………………………….8
2.2.1.3 Heavy metals…..…………………………………8
2.2.1.4 Polluted oil……..………………………………………9 2.2.2 Impact on physiochemical properties of seawater….………….9 2.2.3 Impact on inter-tidal sediments and soils……………………..9 2.2.4 Impact on biodiversity……………………………………10 3.0 Recommendation ……………………………………………………………10 Bibliography……………………………………………………………………11

Abstract
In the context of increased importance of ship breaking activities in Bangladesh, specially contribution to construction & structural development (>80%); and in national economy & employment opportunity for the poor. But indiscriminate and haphazard ship breaking activities in once biodiversity rich coastal area of Sitakunda, Chittagong is now a barren field. The area is severely degraded with loss of its physical, chemical & biological characteristics. There is very little information on the present status of biodiversity in the area and impact of ship breaking on fisheries and biodiversity. Verbal reports from fishermen indicate that there is a drastic reduction in fish catches which is likely to be due to this ship breaking activities. Ship breaking activities has not yet been recognized as ‘industry’ and still there are no separate guidelines or rules for ship breaking activities in Bangladesh. As a result, there is often accident, loss of valuable human lives & serious violation of human rights & labour rights, including very low wages. On the other hand, impact of ship breaking on the biodiversity is also matter of exploration. But to assess the impact of ship breaking on biodiversity & fishery resources, a research or study is urgently needed not only for the conservation of fishery resources but also to implement a sustainable & eco-friendly policy for ship breaking in Bangladesh.

Key words
SBRI = The Ship Breaking and Recycling Industry.
Shipbreaking: Shipbreaking is the process of dismantling an obsolete vessel’s structure for scrapping or disposal. Conducted on a pier, dry dock or dismantling yard, it involves a wide range of activities. From removing all the gear and equipment that are on the ships to cutting down and recycling the ship’s infrastructure. Shipbreaking is a challenging process, due to the structural complexity of the ships and the environmental, safety and health issues involved. Recycling: The process of taking a ship apart; term preferred by the shipping industry. When procedures to safeguard the environment and workers' health and safety are applied, known as “green recycling”.

Executive summary
The ship breaking and recycling industry (SBRI) converts end-of-life ships into steel and...
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