Problem solution essay Final Draft.
GANG VIOLENCE IN AMERICAN SCHOOLS
There are approximately 27,900 gangs, with 774,000 members, impacting towns, cities, and communities across the United States. According to a recent bulletin released by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 23 percent of students aged 12 through 18 years reported presence of street gangs in their schools. Almost half (46%) of students in public schools reported street gang presence. In addition, 21 percent of students in suburban schools and 15 percent in rural schools reported presence of street gangs. According to a survey conducted by the National Parents' Resource Institute for Drug Education, 13.8 percent of American high school students joined a gang during the 1993-1994 school period (Manning). Schools have become prime recruiting grounds due to young gang members attending the schools. It is evident that gang members’ stake out their turfs in their territory, including the neighborhood school grounds (Wheeler & Baron, 1993). There is no universally accepted definition of a gang. Gang definitions continue to be debated by the nations most experienced and knowledgeable academicians who study gangs. A youth gang is considered as a collection of adolescents and young adults who interact frequently; are deliberately involved in illegal activities; share a common identity and typically adopt certain methods of identification and control. Gang violence negatively impacts schools to the extent of death. Deaths resulting from school violence are only part of the problem. Many young people experience nonfatal injuries. Some of these injuries are relatively minor and include cuts, bruises, and broken bones. Other injuries such as gunshot wounds and head trauma are more serious and can lead to permanent disability. Gang violence adversely affects the property value of a community since investors shy away from high...