The Collier Encyclopedia’s definition for probability is the concern for events that are not certain and the reasonableness of one expectation over another. These expectations are usually based on some facts about past events or what is known as statistics. Collier describes statistics to be the science of the classification and manipulation of data in order to draw inferences. Inferences here can be read to mean expectations, leading to the conclusion that the two go hand in hand in accomplishing what mankind has tried to accomplish since the beginning of time – predicting the future. It is the notion of science that this is the most accurate way to predict events yet to occur and this has lead to it being the most widely accepted “fortune telling” tool in the world today. Probability and Statistics most widespread use is in the arena of gambling. Gambling is big all over the world and lots of money is won and lost with their aid. In horse racing especially the statistics of a horse in terms of its physical condition and winning history sway numbers of persons into believing that the mathematical evidence that is derived can actually be a good indicator of a race’s outcome. Usually it is if the odds or probability are great in favor of the desired outcome. However the future is uncertain and races can turn out any of a number of different ways. The field of medicine is another high subscriber to this forecasting technique. Potential diagnoses are frequently made based on a patient’s history or that of his ancestors and the calculated likelihood of him/her acquiring certain conditions. Statistics and probability aid in the decision making process of which test may be required for a given symptom and how a possible outbreak may be detected and contained. Strategies for isolating and dealing with diseases are often made with the aid of statistics on the percentage of a population that may have been infected and the probability...

...Chapter 1 Nature of Probability and Statistics
OBJECTIVES
Demonstrate knowledge of statistical terms. Differentiate between the two branches of statistics. Identify types of data. Identify the measurement level for each variable. Identify the four basic sampling techniques. Explain the difference between an observational and an experimental study. Explain how statistics can be used and misused. Explain the importance of computers and...

...I. ProbabilityTheory
* A branch of mathematics concerned with the analysis of random phenomena. The outcome of a random event cannot be determined before it occurs, but it may be any one of several possible outcomes. The actual outcome is considered to be determined by chance.
* The word probability has several meanings in ordinary conversation. Two of these are particularly important for the development and applications of the mathematical...

...ProbabilityTheory and Game of Chance
Jingjing Xu
April 24, 2012
I. INTRODUCTION
Probabilitytheory is the mathematical foundation of statistics, and it can be applied to many areas requiring large data analysis. Curiously, that the study on probabilitytheory has its root in parlor games...

...BSMA - 2
HISTORY OF STATISTICS
The history of statistics can be said to start around 1749 although, over time, there have been changes to the interpretation of the word statistics. By the 18th century, the term "statistics" designated the systematic collection ofdemographic and economic data by states. In the early 19th century, the meaning of "statistics" broadened to include the discipline concerned with the...

...History and Development of Statistics
Simple forms of statistics have been used since the beginning of civilization, when pictorial representations or other symbols were used to record numbers of people, animals, and inanimate objects on skins, slabs, or sticks of wood and the walls of caves. Before 3000 BC theBabylonians used small clay tablets to record tabulations of agricultural yields and of commodities bartered or sold. The Egyptians analyzed the population...

...Chapter 1: Introduction
1. Origin of Statistics:
The word Statistics seems to have been derived from Latin word ‘Status’, German word ‘Statistik’ or Italian word ‘Statista’. Each of these means “Political State’. In ancient time governments used to collect the information regarding the population & the property of the State.
In India an efficient system of collecting official and administrative statistics existed even more than 2000 Years ago,...

...
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TITILE : THEORY OF PROBABILITY
NAME : KYRIOS JOYCE ERDAYA RAJOO
IC NO : 930603-10-5700
CLASS : 5 MULIA
TEACHER : MRS.MALLIKA
a) History of Probability
The scientific study of probability is a modern development. Gambling shows that there has been an interest in...

...Probability
1.) AE-2 List the enduring understandings for a content-area unit to be implemented over a three- to five- week time period. Explain how the enduring understandings serve to contextualize (add context or way of thinking to) the content-area standards.
Unit: Data and Probability
Time: 3 weeks max
Enduring Understanding:
“Student Will Be Able To:
- Know what probability is (chance, fairness, a way to observe our random world,...

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