Private Security vs. Public Security
Private Security Versus Law Enforcement
| Private Security| Law Enforcement|
Visual and physical baggage search | Fourth Amendment does not need to be followed| Fourth Amendment must be followed | Individual pat-down search | May not search an individual unless permission is given by the individual| Allowed to if they think something suspicious is taken place, pat-down done during arrest to prevent anyone from being hurt| Detain individuals| Can detain if an offense has been witnessed| Allowed to detain if they know or suspect something going on| Question persons| Can only question on individuals property| Allowed to ask questions. If a person has done no wrong; then they are allowed to freely leave.| Arrest persons| May only arrest if a felony has been committed, must call police immediately after individual is arrested| Must read Miranda rights to the individual, must tell what type of crime they are being charged for, cuffs are put on| Investigate background of person| only investigate back ground if the individual is apprehended on property | Have right to investigate if individual is a suspect| Obtain a warrant for further searches (car, home, so forth)| Not allowed to obtain a warrant| Needed to search a particular place and person unless individual has been arrested for probable causes| Seize weapon if found| Allowed to seize weapon if found while making arrest| Yes, any weapon can be seized| Computer verification of stolen items| Must follow penal codes, but must be on property| Must follow penal codes| Refuse admittance to a person| Allowed to refuse anyone | Allowed to refuse admittance if investigation is going on, if person is hostile|
According to, the Power Arrest Training Manual (pg. 11), “A security guard/proprietary private security officer’s...