Celebration of Bengali Culture12
Private universities are not operated by governments though many receive public subsidies, especially in the form of tax breaks and public student loans and grants. Depending on the region, private universities may be subject to government regulation. The culture of private universities in Bangladesh started in the early 1990s. During that period, the government and the intellectual and civil society in Bangladesh started to feel that the existing public universities were not sufficient to meet the high, constantly increasing demand for tertiary education in the country. These issues led the government to permit the establishment of private universities, and on 9 August 1992, the Private University Act (Act 34) 1992 was passed. Within the next five years, a good number of private universities were established and started to perform successfully. With the increasing number of private universities new kind of culture can be found in private universities. The term paper looks at the state of culture in private universities in our country and offers to provide a deep insight into that culture.
The word culture has many different meanings. For some individuals it refers to an admiration of literature, music, art, and food. For a biologist, it is a colony of bacteria or other microorganisms growing in a nutrient medium in a Petri dish in a laboratory. However, for anthropologists and other behavioral scientists, culture is the full range of learned human behavior patterns. In the last decade due to the ever-growing demand for education at the university level, and the fact that existing public universities could not meet the need higher education many private universities opened in Bangladesh. These universities have rules, regulations and education systems that are different from the public universities. More importantly, the growth of private universities in Bangladesh has given birth to a new kind of culture that exists solely in private universities.
First of all, private universities have an educational culture which is quite different than those of public universities. One thing that is immediately noticeable in private universities is the semester system. To clarify, in public universities students follow a year to year system in which the students have two semesters per year. However, private universities have three semesters per year. This difference has widened by the existence of the open credit system in private universities. To be precise, in public university students have to take six courses per semester and the courses that they study are selected by their departments. However, in private universities there are three semesters per year and students are free to choose which courses they want to study first from a list of courses. The number of courses that a student can study varies from university to university such as in East West University a student have to study a minimum of three courses per semester but can study up to five courses. In Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB) a student can take minimum two courses and maximum six courses per semester (Shuvo, IUB). This open credit system has many advantages for the students. One advantage is that a low caliber student can choose to study less number of courses and get a good grade and on the other hand a high caliber student can study more subjects per semester and graduate more quickly. Another advantage is that a student can choose to drop or withdraw a subject if he or she does poorly in it and so this does not affect the student’s overall CGPA. Another thing that is different in private university education culture...