Privatatization of Higher Education

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Introduction:
Since the impact of privatization is penetrating all sectors of the economy, it is bound to affect education sector as well. As it is very difficult to meet the democratic aspirations of the people for further expansion of educational system due to paucity of resources it is therefore, being felt that the private sector is inducted in education so that it car share the burdens of the state in funding education. Development of Thought:

In India, the privatization of education has been taking place at the school level without much resistance. But it has not made much dent into other levels. However privatization, though necessary has some drawbacks. Private education trusts often become merely profit making business ventures with no social ideals or objectives. If privatization of education comes into conflict with the equity objective, state intervention would be desirable. It is necessary that state intervention be increased in private sector institutions to increase the quota of seats to the poor and deprived sections and help in promoting human resources development to keep pace with the emerging requirements. It is important to see that a thorough change is attempted without merely making cosmetic changes. Only then can our education system be revamped in the desired direction. The wave of privatization is sweeping across the world. Within an economy, it is aimed at breaking the monopoly of the public sector in a number of areas, more especially areas connected with infrastructure. The essence of privatization lies in the induction of private ownership in publicly owned enterprises. This can range from total denationalization (zero public ownership) to various degrees of private ownership in the form of joint ventures. This is the narrow sense in which the concept is used, but in a broader sense, it connotes besides private ownership. Introduction of private management and control in public enterprises. The process involves the private sector in the ownership or operation of a state owned enterprise. Since the impact of privatization is penetrating all sectors of the economy, it is bound to affect education sector as well. The question arises: Why is privatization being recommended in education. Firstly, it is alleged that the policies followed in India under the Nehru- Mahalanobis Model placed excessive responsibility for the expansion and development of education on the state. Consequently, the expansion and establishment of education institutions and facilities have been shouldered mainly by the State. At the elementary levels of education, the state-sponsored schools have been responsible for the spread of literacy, more especially in rural areas, but even in urban areas, bulk of the schools are state run or aided by the state. At the level of secondary, higher secondary and the college and university as well, public sector has played a dominant role in the development of education system. A stage has now come when the state is finding it very difficult to meet the democratic aspirations of the people for further expansion of educational system due to paucity of resources, because the demand for funds for the educational sector has to compete with the demand for resources for the other sector. It is, therefore, being felt that the private sector be inducted in education so that it can share the burdens of the State in funding education. Secondly, the expansion of the horizons of knowledge is taking place at a rapid pace all over the world; the underdeveloped economies must keep pace with this explosion of knowledge. Emphasizing this point the World Bank has stated: "Today knowledge explosion is dividing the world into fast moving, rich economies that use knowledge effectively and slow moving, poor economies that do not. Education or knowledge industry is becoming a key factor in the process of development. This being so, education is no longer viewed as a social service, it is considered a necessary...
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