Prisons Service

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EGERTON UNIVERSITY
KISII UNIVERSITY COLLEGE

NAME:ISAAC OMARRE OGEMBO
REG. NO: CBM12/10144/11
COURSE: MBA TERM PAPER
UNIT: MBAD 793: STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT FOR CHANGE
YEAR OF STUDY: YEAR 2 SEMESTER1
LECTURER: MRS. STELLAH OMARI
DATE OF SUBMISSION: 16TH JULY 2012

ASSIGNMENT:
To identify a Kenyan Organization that has recently implemented or is currently implementing a change program. Using the organization as a case study: * Develop the Organizational profile
* Discuss the forces of change
* Discuss their change management approach
* Discuss their change management Practices especially how they have handled issues of: * Creating awareness and understanding
* Change leadership
* Overcoming opposition
* Solidifying the process
* Integrating the new process
* Evaluate the change program and make suggestions where necessary.

STUDY ORGANIZATION: THE KENYA PRISON SERVICE

The Kenya Prisons Service was created vide Circular number 1 of 18th March 1911 issued by the Prisons Board, making the Prisons Service autonomous with effect from 1st April 1911. The control of prisons was vested in a Board known as the Prisons Board. The Board was answerable to the Inspector General of Police who continued to perform the duties of Inspector General of Prisons.

Belief and Core values
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Meaningful change for beneficiaries focusing on the positives rather than the negatives,  creativity and innovativeness, trending on unique grounds, power of positive thinking, enhancing self esteem, identifying and mobilizing local resources, organised, informed and linked farmers, Evolving and learning and partnering for sustainability.  |

The Kenya Prisons Service has grown gradually since its inception on 1st April 1911. At inception the prisoners’ population was at 6,559 with the staff strength of 319. There has been gradual increase to both staff and prisoner population to-date. Presently authorized uniformed posts are 17,943 and civilian posts are 661 totalling 18,604. There are 89 Penal institutions, two Borstal institutions and one Youth Corrective Training Centre in the Republic, with inmate population averaging over 40,000. These institutions are coordinated under provincial Prison command at provincial level. The Provincial Prisons Commanders are answerable to the Commissioner of Prisons based at Prisons Headquarters Nairobi. “Here, more than 3,000 inmates – 3,800 on today’s count – share a prison designed for only 800 prisoners.  The daily budget: $0.30 per prisoner.” More recent anecdotal evidence suggests that Industrial Area Remand Prison is currently housing in the region of 5,000 prisoners. Such conditions are typical of prison life across Kenya. Kenya Prisons Service functions are to contain and keep offenders in safe custody, rehabilitate and reform offenders, facilitate administration of justice and promote prisoners opportunities for social re-integration. To decongest the prisons, non-custodial sentences such as community service are used by courts as alternative to jail terms. The prison’s Rapid Results Initiative (RRI) was launched in 2007 to harness team strength and client participation to speed up delivery of services within 100 days. The approach tackled large-scale, medium and long-term change efforts through a series of small-scale, results-producing and momentum-building initiatives. The Office of the Vice President and Ministry of Home Affairs identified 12 thematic areas covering all departments, five of which were directly related to prisons. One was to decongest prisons and the goal was to reduce the number of petty convicted offenders and remand inmates by 20 per cent — from 3,816 to 3,053.In 100 days, their number reduced from 3,816 to 2,902, a decrease of 24 per cent (914 discharges). Another aim was to increased revenues in prisons from prison-produced goods and agriculture by 19 per cent from Sh130 million ($1.625 million) to Sh155...
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