Prison System

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Jeremey W Kuhnke
Karyn Goldmeier
American Correction
Phase Four IP
6-17-2012

To understand what classification is in the prison system, I feel we have to look at the history of it as well. In the 19th century classification was hardly used. It was mainly used to control the prison system populations. Things like age, gender and number of offenses were used to classify them. During the medical model years of the prison system, they used medical reason to classify inmates. This helped control the mentally ill from regular offenders. It wasn’t until recently that prison system started classifies inmates to better control the system and have a better impact on the inmate themselves. The “get tough on crime” years strained the prison system and its population. It caused overcrowding and increased the risk of violence in the prison system. Lawsuits and became common place for the states and a new approach was needed to classify inmates to better control the population. Today’s model is called the objective classification system. The system uses intensive analysis, diagnosis, and prognosis for each prisoner to classify their inmates. This system helps reduce the level of violence, escape attempt and suicides as well as assaults and other serous violent offence in the prison systems. (US department of Justice,2003) The presentence report provides a case manager or case worker with valuable information needed to classify an inmate. This report is broken down into several parts. The offense part list the brief history of the criminal offense, victim impact, obstruction of justice, acceptance of responsibility, level of computation and the offenders behavior. The second part deals with the offender’s criminal history. The third part list the offender’s characteristics. Part d lists the sentencing options, which include any plea agreement options made by the offender or prosecutor’s office. Part e lists any factors that may indicate that a sentence of a different kind or of a different length from one within the applicable guideline would be more appropriate under all the circumstances. This information can be used by the case manager to help classify the subjects because it gives a factual report about the offender. It lists the offense for which he or she is sentences. It show the offender criminal history. It also can show what characteristics the offender has that helped him or her commit a crime in the first place. Example the offender has a bad history with drug use. Or the offender has a history of violence. This information can help determine which rehabilitation classes the offender has access to. The report also can show the case manager what the judge or courts thought was appropriate for the offender. (US courts webpage, 2012). Most states and federal prison system have different level of prison. They range from minimum security to super max security. Minimum security prisons are for non-violent offenders, white color crimes, forgery and simple drug charges. Inmates are giving more freedom in minimum security prison. Medium security prisons are for semi-violent offenders. Their crime range from simple/ minor assault, major theft with longer sentences, drug charges with longer sentence. Maximum security prison is for violent offenders, murders, rapist, or other crime that are considered extremely violent. Inmates who become classified as prison gang members are sent to maximum security prison. Some states have a higher level of security which is called super-max, but for some states maximum is their highest level. For the states that only have maximum prison, then their maximum security prison are where they house their most extreme offender. The offenders with long sentence who are extremely violent and pose a risk to the prison population. The last level in some states and the federal prison system is super-max. Super-max is most extreme offenders those who pose the most risk to other inmate and staff. They...
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