May 28, 2012
Healthcare is a big topic no matter how you view it, but when looking at it from the point of a person who is in prison, it takes on a whole new view. Those who are in prison have federal and state laws that say that the prisons must provide them with medical facilities for their healthcare needs. This paper will identify a governmental agency that regulates the healthcare that is provided to prisoners in an institution within the United States, along with the foundation of such an agency and who regulates the licenses, accreditation, certifications, and authorization for employment for those who work within one of these facilities. The Federal Bureau of Prisons
The Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is an agency that was created on May 14, 1930 and approved of by then president Herbert Hoover. Its main headquarters is in Washington, D.C. The BOP is a subdivision of the United States Justice Department and is responsible for the administration of the federal prison system. Its sole purpose is to provide more open-minded and compassionate care to those who are federal inmates within the United States prison system. This agency is also responsible for providing medically needed health care to inmates in agreement with federal and state laws. One of the most negative aspects that the BOP is responsible for is carrying out all judicially mandated federal executions, including the lethal injection of inmates who have been sentenced to death for a crime they have committed (Federal, 2012). This agency also maintains the lethal injection chamber of a prison before, during, and after an execution, making sure that the lethal injection is set up appropriately and that all goes as humane as possible during such an event. The structure of the BOP is made up just about the same as any other agency. This agency has several divisions with boards of directors and advisory boards on every level. As for the healthcare division, which is called the health services division, there are five different sections that make this division what it is. They are the health services and clinical programs, the drug-free workplace, foodservice, safety, and worker’s compensation (Federal, 2012). Each section involves working with the others in order to provide to the prisoners what they need the most. Each section within this division works together with all the other divisions of the BOP to maintain a budget for building and maintaining medical clinics as they are needed within the prison system. The effect that the Federal Bureau of Prisons has on prison health care is tremendous. Without their support and efforts, prison health care would not be what it is today. In November of 2007, the BOP was responsible for providing among other things, health care services to close to 167,000 prisoners in 114 different institutions across the U.S. They had created a budget that had set aside $736 million for health care services to inmates housed within these institutions (Federal, 2012). The health care services that are provided to these inmates are done through in house medical providers who are employed by BOP or they have been provided to the BOP from the surrounding public health services. These services are also made available to these inmates through medical providers who specialize in all-inclusive care or individual services from within the local community where the prison is. The BOP and the healthcare professionals in the surrounding community work together to provide the health services that are needed for the inmates that are housed within their prison system. Without the professionalism of everyone involved in this situation, prison inmates would not have access to healthcare services and many would die because of this. One example of the Federal Bureau of Prisons carrying out their duties is tele-health services that are provided to...