Print Media

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It is the written media which has made history recordable and accurate. For instance, the age of an old manuscript found while digging a historical site gives information about the era in which it was written, which is not possible with electronic media. This has been quite helpful to present day researchers and history students. Anyone can anonymously post articles and raise their voices in print media i.e. newspapers. It is difficult to track the real owner of an article. With electronic media, anyone can copy any piece of information and present it as his own (plagiarism). There is no means to determine which of the two websites have authentic data. Rumors and lies circulate all over the Internet and hence the legitimacy of the information becomes questionable. The information provided by a newspaper is usually more authentic and genuine. Print media is also a lot more efficient in providing local news. It covers local stories in depth and carries information about the local events like a play being screened in the town or an inter-school hockey tournament. Print media does not indulge in "breaking news", and hence is free from any kind of temptation to indulge in speculative news. On TV, the quality of news is deteriorating these days because of the competition between the channels. They try to sensationalize the news unnecessarily in an attempt to increase viewership. Printed material with moral or spiritual messages for example the Bible and those with excellent intellectual ideas have lived on. Their teachings are still relevant in today’s world. People with the reading culture totally enjoy reading printed material for entertainment purposes. Novels are good examples of addictive printed material. Some classics, for examples Shakespeare plays have continued being popular for this reason. Print media is durable, whereas a small virus or a bug in the software can erase the most important data needed from a computer. Print media has been around from so many centuries and the reasons why it has survived for so long are the reasons why it will not die in the future.

In the present world, print media benefits from great innovations in copy originating technologies and innovations in the design of the printing press. On the basis of information already provided from the internet and any other information you can gather, provide the highlights of these innovations. (10marks) In 1440, German inventor Johannes Gutenberg invented a printing press process that, with refinements and increased mechanization, remains the principal means of printing until today. He first used a hand operated wooden press until the 19th century. However, in the late 18th century, metal parts were added to the wooden press to modify it. In 1800, Earl Stanhope invented the Stanhope press. It was the first book press made completely of cast iron. It had a combination of levers that made it easier to apply pressure on the sheet of paper. This resulted in cleaner paper and sharper impressions. After that came the steam-driven printing press. It was invented by Fredrik Koenig in 1812. It was much faster than the previous inventions printing 400 sheets per hour. George Clymer of Philadelphia invented the Columbian press in 1816. It was made of iron and could print 250 copies per hour. It had a series of weights and counterweights enabling the printer to increase the force for a clearer impression. It also made it easier to remove the platen after each impression in order to remove the sheet of paper. In 1824, Daniel Treadwell from Boston to the bed- and- platen press making it four times faster than hand-press. In 1832, Richard Hoe, an American, invented a steam-power driven Cylinder press. A rotating cylinder was used to press the paper against a flat type bed. It could print 1000 to 4000 impressions per hour. In 1844, Hoe invented the rotary press. Paper was passed between two cylinders where one supported the paper and the other contained the...
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