Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care
ALL OUTCOMES IN RED ARE OBSERVATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY YOUR ASSESSOR. THE INFORMATION GIVEN INDICATES THE TYPES OF THINGS YOUR ASSESSOR WILL BE LOOKING FOR
Know how to recognise signs of abuse
1. Define the following types of abuse
2. Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse. Physical abuse - Punching, Kicking Scratching, Slapping, Biting, Scalding, Pulling hair, Poking Pinching, Pushing, Shoving, Burning, Binding limbs, Tripping over, Choking, Beating, Cutting, Imprisonment, Starvation, Forced feeding, Deliberate dehydration, Twisting arms, Sleep deprivation, Torture, Drowning, Bruising, Scalding. SIGNS OR SYMPTOMS - Injuries that have not received medical attention, frequent or regular falls and injuries, “pepperpot bruising” fingermarks, bruising in areas not normally bruised (Inside of thighs or arms) burns or scalds in unusual places, ulcers, sores or rashes caused by bed wetting, loss of confidence, lack of interest in appearance, sleeping problems, feeling depressed Sexual abuse - Sexual penetration of any part of the body, touching inappropriate parts of the body without informed agreement, sexual exploitation, threats about sexual activity, SIGNS OR SYMPTOMS - unusual sexual behaviour, blood or marks on underclothes, recurrent genital/urinary infections, loss of confidence, lack of interest in appearance, sleeping problems, feeling depressed, frequent complaints of abdominal pain, Emotional - Humiliation, bullying, making threats, shouting or swearing, racial abuse, constant teasing or poking fun
SIGNS OR SYMPTOMS – Sleeping problems, feeling depressed, becoming afraid of making decisions, sudden change in behaviour, becoming quiet and withdrawn
Financial - Stealing money or property or allowing or encouraging others to do so, persuading others to make financial decisions which are not in their interest, withholding or refusing access to money, refusing to allow individuals to manage their own financial affairs, failing to support individuals to manage their financial affairs
SIGNS OR SYMPTOMS – missing cash or belongings, missing bank account records, sleeping problems, feeling depressed, sudden change of attitude to financial matters, Unpaid bills. Basic needs not being met. lack of cash on day to day basis.
Institutional - Not given choices regards meals bedtime etc, freedom to go out is limited, privacy and dignity are not respected, personal correspondence is opened by staff, excessive doses of medication, access to advice restricted, complaints procedures made unavailable.
SIGNS OR SYMPTOMS – Inability to make choices or decisions. Agitation if routine broken. Disorientation. Patterns of challenging behaviour
Self Neglect - Lack of personal hygiene, lack of care regards appearance, failure to eat or buy food, failure to maintain a cleaning living environment, refusing or not obtaining medical help, unwilling to accept support, unwilling to see people or go out. SIGNS OR SYMPTOMS –Poor personal hygiene, no food in the cupboards or fridge, rapid weight loss Neglect by others - Not assisting with eating when required, not ensuring receiving personal care or adequately clothed, leaving individual alone, not assisting individual with communication and mobility needs, Not maintaining a clean, hygienic, safe and secure environment, failing to obtain necessary medical help, not supporting social contacts, SIGNS OR SYMPTOMS – become ill, hungry, cold, dirty, injured, deprived of their rights, rapid weight loss Discriminatory - Ill treatment based on race, sexuality, gender, age or a person's disability SIGNS OR SYMPTOMS - Low self esteem. Withdrawal. Depression. Fear. Anger.
3. Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse. Adults living at home may be abused when
* Carers have had to change their lives unwillingly...