Principles of Infection Control

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Unit ICO1

The principles of infection prevention and control

Understand roles and responsibilities in the prevention and control of infections.

All care workers have a responsibility to follow the infection prevention and control guidance of the organisation they work for and to work in such a way that the infection risk to service users, themselves and others is minimised. Care workers also have a responsibility to keep up to date and attend infection prevention and control training.

The company or owner of a care home is responsible, under health and safety legislation, for maintaining a safe environment for service users, visitors and care workers alike. Policies and procedures for prevention and control of infection would form part of the health and safety requirements. The manager should have access to advice on infection prevention and control from a suitably qualified and competent individual and should produce an annual report on the systems in place for the prevention and control of infection and how these systems are monitored. The manager should ensure that appropriate infection prevention and control policies and procedures exist, are readily available, understood by all members of staff and are used within the home. The registered manager should ensure that all care workers have received up to date infection prevention and control training appropriate to their role and that training records are kept. The manager is also responsible for designating an Infection Prevention and Control Lead for the care home.

Understand legislation and policies relating to prevention and control of infections.

The impact of healthcare associated infection is widely acknowledged as a significant issue in all healthcare settings. Current legislation that relates to the prevention and control of infections are The Health and Social Care Act (2008), The Care Standards Act 2000 and associated Regulations (2002), Health and Safety at Work Act (1974), Environmental Protection Act (1990), Environmental Protection (Duty of Care) Regulations (1991), Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (1994, amended 2002), Public Health Control of Disease Act (1984), Public Health Infectious Disease Regulations (1988), Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (1995) and the Food and Safety Act (1990). The Health and Social Care Act 2008 Code of Practice on the prevention and control of infections and related guidance came into force in October 2010. It sets out the criteria against which any registered care provider will be assessed by the Care Quality Commission (CQC). The table below is the ‘Code of Practice’ for all providers of healthcare and adult social care on the prevention and control of infections under The Health and Social Care Act 2008. This sets out the 10 criteria against which a registered provider will be judged onhow it complies with the registration requirement for cleanliness and infection control.Not all criteria applies to every regulated activity.

|Compliance Criteria |What the registered provider will need to demonstrate | |1 |Systems to manage and monitor the prevention and control of infection. These systems use risk | | |assessments and consider how susceptible service users are and any risks that their environment and | | |other users may pose to them. | |2 |Provide and maintain a clean and appropriate environment in managed premises that facilitates the | | |prevention and control of infections. | |3 |Provide suitable, accurate information on...
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