Principles of Care

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The core principles of care include:
* Dignity
* Equality
* Respect
* Fairness
* And privacy

Dignity: Dignity is a person's right to be treated like a human being.  When we talk about human dignity, we mean human rights.  If people are treated with dignity, they usually have the right to make choices for themselves.  Dignity also means people are treated with respect.  When we talk about dignity of the elderly, for example, we mean treating them like adults and not like children.  Dignity involves privacy as well.  People often feel that their dignity is compromised when their privacy is taken away.  Ultimately, dignity is the idea that human beings are different from animals.

Equality: Equality is the current term for ‘Equal Opportunities’. It is based on the legal obligation to comply with anti-discrimination legislation. Equality protects people from being discriminated against on the grounds of group membership i.e. sex, race disability, sexual orientation, religion, belief, or age.

Respect: Respect is an important way of being kind and good to other people. Respect means not making fun of others. Respect means thinking of how somebody else feels. Respect is treating another person the same way you’d want to be treated yourself.

Fairness: An example of fairness would be while playing a game. It’s fair when everyone plays by the rules of the game. It’s unfair when someone cheats. When that person breaks the rules, it gives them an advantage over the other players. If a rule-breaker wins, it’s not a fair win. Everyone should have an equal chance.

Privacy: Privacy may be defined as the claim of individuals, groups or institutions to determine when, how and to what extent information about them is communicated to others. Privacy is your right to control what happens with personal information about you. If a person turns to an organisation for help, they do not lose their rights unless in danger to themselves or others. People’s right should and do not change because of a disability, mental health or the fact that they are using a help service. It is a professional’s role to ensure a supportive relationship is developed, for the benefits of the service user. They should also be aware to respect their values and beliefs and protect their rights. To gain a relationship from a service user it is important that there is a connection, the professional must make sure they understand their boundaries and that the relationship stays within them.

Core Principles of care:
The core principles of care are dignity, equality, respect, fairness and privacy.

Build effective relationships:
The adult should always be at the centre of the planning. They should be listening to and their methods of communication are respected. There must be a respect for culture and believes, respect for lifestyle and choice and recognition of need. A service users preferences should be taken into account and where relevant, confidentiality must be maintained.

To build a supportive relationship abiding by the core principles include using good methods of communication, for examples if an individual is deaf, consider using sign language. Respect for culture and beliefs are vital, if a service user is a Muslim, they should not be preached or treated differently in any way. Recognition of needs is also essential, if an individual is in need of something and does not receive it, the core principles have been broken.

Working practices:
Working practices are person centred. Person-centred practices are focused on the lack of personal history records. Using face to face communications, carers worked with people to develop ‘life story’ books to fill the gap in their lives. This shows inclusive practice, which is anti-discriminatory. It is aimed at empowering individuals. In a safe and secure environment people are encouraged to share information appropriately. This is then shared, with their permission with...
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