A Critique – “Principal role changes and influence on principal recruitment and selection”. An international perspective by Kathryn S. Whitaker
The change role of principal in schools continues to influence the recruitment and selection of principal in many education systems throughout the world. The role encompasses the management and leadership aspect of school governance. Thus, this requires greater transparency and accountability where the demand for qualified candidate with sound qualities is often the priority. On the contrary, many qualified principals often reluctant to take up the challenge because of dissatisfaction with the package of the post as compared to the work load involved. 1.0 Introduction
This paper attempts to critique the above title article which is written by Kathryn S. Whitaker from the University of North Colorado, USA. The paper takes this format in reviewing the article. Firstly, the paper summarises the article, and follows by an analytical critique on the article. The perspectives and contributions from other scholars were also consulted to validate the points raised in the exercise. In doing so, the paper hope to shad light in order one can appreciate the significance of having sound knowledge and understanding, on human resource management principles in recruitment, selection and retention of employees at the workplace. 2.0 Summary
There are volumes of documents about the change role of school principals over the years. These were researched reports by individuals, organisations and institutions such as universities. It is overwhelming to see the significant role principals perform in the management and administration of schools. The role of principals have significantly move from simple classroom teaching and managing teachers, pupils and the resources of the school, to encompass greater scope and magnitude of management and leadership. These change roles are the outcome of the various major educational reforms, new educational policies and demand from educational clienteles for more participatory. As such, the changes add more workload and stresses to the principals to perform their role more effectively and efficiently. In addition, it also creates much challenge to the human resource management in the education sector to retain qualified principals, recruit, and select qualified candidates. In this article, the author presents her overview from an international perspective. The change role of the principal is grouped into five main categories. The local management of schools, tension between management and leadership, increased accountability, altered relationships with parents and community; and school choice. Each of these changes in the role of head teacher and principal is discussed hereon. The decentralisation of the educational functions down to schools and communities took its height in 1980s as part of reform in most western countries. In countries like the USA, UK, New Zealand and Australia, this is known as local management of schools, site council governance, site- based management or self-managing schools. In the US in particular this is claimed to be restructuring of education system. However, the major purpose of decentralisation was to move the power of decision- making closer to schools and empower school management. Hence, parents, communities and staff of the school have greater control of the operation of their schools than in the past. For instance in some countries they revealed that parents and communities have greater control of the school budget and finance. Furthermore, the decentralisation created new governing structure within the system and in the schools. In country such as New Zealand, parent trust boards were formed to replace the local education authority. Staff councils were empowered to determine and develop appropriate and relevant curriculum and teaching methodology. Hence, school programs were planed according to the context of the...
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