June 18, 2012
Dr. Anne M. Edwards
Principal Issues with Epistemology
Society has attempted to decipher what is real. The idea of what is real and what is understood has been a problem for societies. The different societies and cultures believed in other beings such as different God’s. Greek society was a leader in worshipping and believing in God’s that perceived to be real in their minds and culture. Worshipping these God’s begun to have other’s question if these God’s were real and gave birth to skepticism. The purpose of this paper is to examine the principal issues related to Epistemology. Philosophy has many branches but the one branch concerned with the theory of knowledge is Epistemology. Epistemology asks questions that relate to the scope, source, and nature of knowledge. The truth, belief, and justification of knowledge have been up for debate in the study of Epistemology. Plato offered the first theory of knowledge in his philosophical studies (Moore & Bruder, 2011, pg.41). Epistemology asks the question how does one know what he knows. The sources of knowledge people gather is considered Epistemology as one who has read and researched and can by reasoning attain what is fact or fiction. The method used to be certain are considered deductive reasoning. People who use this method of reasoning would be considered a rationalist. Rationalists (Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz) believe they know things for certain even though they may have never experienced themselves. My experience in the military had many rationalists. They believed if we followed the manual on warfare we would be successful although they may have never experienced combat firsthand. Writers of the manual often used others experience to author the manual but each encounter with the enemy may require a different action. The opposite of a rationalist is being an empiricist. Empiricists (Aristotle, Epicurus, and Aquinas)...