Primate Classification LECTURES

Topics: Primate, Chimpanzee, Hominidae Pages: 4 (1101 words) Published: December 7, 2014
Primate Classification LECTURE
This lecture will address basic primate classification. Primates are classified based on their features- primates that share certain features are classified into the same group. There are lots of different ways of classifying animals- using an evolutionary taxonomy (like Linneaus’ family tree) or using cladistics. We are going to stick with the evolutionary taxonomy. There is a chart in your book- on Page 168-169 of your book- I would suggest that you have that open as you read this week’s material. It will make sense, I promise! FYI- some books have an errors in the charts on pages 168-169. Make sure that your chart lists Cercopithecoidea and Hominoidea in the Superfamily category, and not the Infraorder category.

Terms:
arboreal
Post orbital bar or plateAnthropoidsCercopithecoid
Prehensileplatyrrhinequadrupedal
Pentadactylycatarrhineischial callosities
Prosimians2-1-3-3bilophodont
Rhinarium2-1-2-3sexual dimorphism
HominoideabrachiationY-5
HylobatidaePongidaePongo
Gorillapanknucklewalking
Pan troglodytesPan paniscus

What is a primate?
Primates are very generalized group that cannot be easily identified by 1 or two characteristics. In fact, primates have suite of characteristics. Keep in mind that primates are adapted to an arboreal (tree) lifestyle. Think about how these characteristics would help an animal living in the tree. In order to be considered part of the Order primates, an animal must have several of the following characteristics: 1. At least 1 nail on a digit of the hand or foot

2. post orbital bar or plate (bony ring protecting eye socket) 3. forward facing eyes with stereoscopic vision (3D)
4. upright posture- spinal column comes in under skull, rather than at the back 5. prehensile hands and feet (grasping)
6. pentadactyly (5 digits on hands and feet)
7. opposable toe and/or thumb
8. enlargement of cerebral hemisphere of brain
9. one pair of...
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