Primary Education System in Bangladesh

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North South University

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Term Paper On

The Role of Primary Education in Bangladesh Economy

Prepared For

Sakib Bin Amin (SBn)
Course Instructor
ECO 304
Department Of Economics
North South University

Prepared By

Names ID #

Nazia Ahmed 072069030 Isma khan 073271520 Shamima Akter 082396020

Rumaiya Tanzin 0910506020 Farzana Alamgir 0910713520

Date of Submission: 28th December, 2010

Acknowledgment

We are solemnly grateful to Almighty Allah who has given us this opportunity to carry out such an interesting term paper and enabled us to finish it for ECO 304. We would like to add a few hearty words to the people who helped us in numerous ways.

Special thanks goes to Mr.Sakib Bin Amin ,Course Instructor, Department Of Economics, North South University, for giving us the opportunity to prepare this term paper and gain new and practical knowledge in the process. Their valuable advice, guidelines and continuous monitoring have made this task possible.

We have thoroughly enjoyed our term paper and hope it will be appreciated.

Table of Contents

Introduction………………………………………………………………….5

The present Scenario of the Education System in Bangladesh………………………………………………………………….6

Literature Review……………………………………………………………………..14

Socioeconomic Impact of Primary Education…………………………………………………………………..15

Long Run Benefits of Primary Education…………………………………………………………………..17

Government Program in Primary Education………………………………20

Policy Implications…………………………………………………………21

Conclusion…………………………………………………………………23

Elementary education is a central component of any kind of economic development… Economic powers such as Japan had high levels of education before they advanced towards industrial development.
― Amartya Sen to group of educationalist in New Delhi on 2 January 1999. Reuters.

Introduction :

As a newly independent (1971) country Bangladesh is struggling with huge population, low per capita income, mass poverty, unemployment and underemployment, illiteracy, child labor, malnutrition, corruption, and related social problems. The economy of the country is poor and based on the rural agricultural sector, but natural disasters - mainly floods, affects the economy annually which delays economic progress. Rural-urban disparity in terms of per capita income, consumption, education, health facilities, and physical infrastructure is an important developmental issue in Bangladesh. The Government of Bangladesh and a significant number of non-government organizations (NGOs) are working to improve the socioeconomic conditions through a variety of programs. Education is one of the key elements of human asset. It is also one of the principal sources of increased economic growth, development and enhanced welfare of an individual and a household in the process of economic transformation. Increased labour productivity, effective use of land and other physical assets, and improved socio-economic empowerment are three important routes through which education can contribute to economic development. On the other hand, education can also lessen the burden of poverty ― one estimate for Bangladesh reveals that households without any formal education have about six time higher poverty incidence than those who have access to education. Because of all this, educational attainment is considered to be the most important indicator of development. Right to education is a fundamental human right. However, the importance of primary education cannot be overstated...
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