"Primal Fear" Dissociative Identity Disorder

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Dissociative Identity Disorder in “Primal Fear”

* Introduction
* Basic concept on DID
* Symptoms of DID
* Etiology of DID
* Treatment of DID
* Prevalence of DID
* Primal Fear
* Conclusion

Dissociative Identity Disorder in “Primal Fear”
Dissociative identity disorder or multiple personality disorder is a psychiatric illness. It involves an individual experiencing two or more apparent individuality or distinctiveness states where each has a reasonably consistent manner of perceiving and relating to the environment. This paper will examine the DID illness as portrayed in the Primal Fear movie. Basic concepts of DID

a. Symptoms of DID
People diagnosed with multiple personality disorder have several signs and symptoms with great variations with time; body functioning could vary from normal functioning to dangerous impairment. Symptoms associated with DID are as follows; dissociation or lapses in memory especially of essential life events such as wedding or birthdays and blackouts at times leading to one finding him/herself in places though not remembering how one walked or travelled to the place. The sufferer could also be accused frequently of lying without him or her intending to do so and being accused of theft cases especially where someone else properties are found in their homes or bags though they cannot remember the incidence. In addition they could also suffer from depression, frequent panic attacks, and sudden anger although there is no justified cause. There may be a lack of personal connections and intimacy, unexplainable phobias, auditory hallucinations within ones mind, depersonalization and loss or distortion of subjective time as well. Individuals might face an extremely wide range of other signs and symptoms which are similar to other illnesses such as personality disorder, anxiety disorder and schizophrenia. b. Etiology of DID

There is no specific cause of DID which has been identified but there are some issues which are documented as the causes of DID. These causes of DID include; inadequate taking care of a child, an instinctive capability to disconnect occurrences or memories from perception, distressing experiences and association with devastating stress. A high proportion of the sufferers report that the disease is as a result of child abuse. Basically, individuals diagnosed with the illness state they have suffered from sexual and severe physical abuse, particularly during their childhood. DID is greatly associated with childhood trauma instead of the underlying electrophysiological dysfunction. Sometimes symptoms of DID are believed to be created by therapists when utilizing particular treatment methods with suggestible or specific patients, though this concept is not unanimously accepted (Coons, Bowman & Milstein, 1998, p. 522). c. Treatment of DID

Treatment of the multiple personality disorder tries to reconnect the personality states of incongruent changes into a common or single functioning identity. Similarly, treatment might focus on the signs and symptoms in order to alleviate the distressing features of the disease and make sure that the person is safe. Treatment techniques might include; medications or patients taking a combination of specific drugs and psychotherapy. Some health care specialists primarily utilize behavioral treatments like responding to only one personality state and utilizing more convectional therapy when a persistent response is developed. Multiple personality disorder does not recover suddenly and signs and symptoms differ over time. People with principal symptoms of dissociative disorder and characteristics of PST (posttraumatic stress disorder) generally resolve with medication or treatment. In addition, individuals suffering from other disorders such as eating, anxiety and mood disorders experience a slower and more prolonged multifaceted recovery process. People...
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