18th Century Domestic Novel
Jane Austen - was an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature. Her realism and biting social commentary have gained her historical importance among scholars and critics. She experimented with various literary forms, including the epistolary novel which she abandoned, and wroted 3 major novels and began a 4. From 1811 until 1816, with the release of Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814) and Emma (1816), she achieved success as a published writer. She wrote 2 additional novels, Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, both published in 1818, and began a 3., which was eventually titled Sanditon, but died before completing it. Austen's works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th century realism. In her novel, Jane Austen observes the social habits, customs, beliefs, attitudes and practices of eighteenth century upper class society in England. Her novel is predominantly concerned with courtship and marriage and the importance of marrying for love. She writes of families invarious circumstances struggling to maintain or enhance their social position through marriage. Main characters:
Mr Bennet, Mrs Bennet
Jane, Elizabeth, Mary, Catherine, Lydia- the Bennet daughters Charlotte Lucas- Elizabeth's friend
Mr Charles Bingley- a rich young man
Ms Caroline Bingley and Mrs Hurst- Charles's daughters
Fitzwilliam Darcy- Bingley's friend
Georgiana Darcy- sister of Mr Darcy
Mr and Mrs Gardiner- Elizabeth's uncle and aunt
Lady Catherine De Bourgh- a rich old lady, aunt of Mr Darcy
Mr Collins- Mr Bennet's cousin
Brief plot of the story:
Charles Bingley moves to Netherfield estate. All neighbours are overwhelmed especially Mrs. Bennet who wants to marry one of her daughters to him. Although Bingley has a friend, Fitzwilliam Darcy, whom everyone starts to dislike from the beginning because of his proudness and unwillingness to talk to the locals. In a while a connection is created between Jane and Bingley. On the other hand, Darcy finds himself attracted to Elizabeth but she dislikes him and is attracted to George Wickham. George spreads rumours about Darcy which makes Elizabeth's antipathy to Darcy grow. Meanwhile William Collins appears who claims that Lady Catherine De Bourgh has sent him to marry and he proposes to Elizabeth. She refuses him and that insults him. Jane comes to find that Bingley and his family have unexpectedly left to London. Jane resigns to a life without Bingley but Elizabeth is angry for her sister and suspects Bingley's sisters and Darcy are trying to do them apart. She visits Charlotte, who married Collins of security, at her new home. There she meet Darcy. He proposes to her but she refuses him believing that he is responsible for Jane and Bingley breaking up. After facts revealing it shows that Darcy is innocent and realises that her own pride prejudiced her against Darcy. She starts to feel love for Darcy. Suddenly Jane informs Elizabeth that Lydia and Wickham have eloped but Lydia is found and they two marry. Bingley returns to Netherfield and asks Jane to marry him. At the wedding Lady Catherine accuses Elizabeth of being secretly engaged to Darcy. That is not true and Elizabeth reacts strongly against her. That makes Darcy realise that Elizabeth's feelings have changed and he proposes to her again. This time she accepts.
Concepts of marriage: we get various concepts of marriage in this work Mr. Collins and Lucas marry not of love but for confidence and security Elizabeth and Darcy overcome difficulties and marry of real love. Jane and Bingley marry of mutual love.
Wickham is a fortune hunter and tries to elope with Georgiana Darcy but finally he marries Lydia who is immature and irresponsible. Mr and Mrs...