Prevention of Eating Disorders

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Running Head: Prevention of Eating Disorders

Prevention of Eating Disorders: A Literature Review

Grand Canyon University

NRS 429V

7 August 2010

Prevention of Eating Disorders: A Literature Review

“An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure” is a common saying that summarizes the gist of prevention. Edelman and Mandle (2011) define prevention as “averting the development of the disease in the future”. Broadly, it consists of all measures possible; including “definitive therapies” that confines the development of the disease. There are three levels of prevention: primary, secondary and tertiary. There are five steps within the three levels of prevention. These steps include “health promotion and specific protection (primary prevention); early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and disability limitation (secondary promotion); and restoration and rehabilitation (tertiary prevention)” (Edelman and Mandle, 2011). This paper will present a review of related literature on each of the three levels of prevention with a focus on eating disorders. Primary prevention is done before the disease is encountered. It includes promotion of healthy habits or educating clients on the risk factors of the disease and specific protection such as immunization against polio. Its main idea is to decrease the susceptibility of the person or the community to disease. Primary prevention also includes advocating for policies that support the health of the population and choosing public officials who his willing to defend the wellbeing of the community. Berger, Sowa, Bormann, Brix & Strauss (2008) studied the characteristics of the PriMa program for the primary prevention of anorexia nervosa for girls up to age of 12 in 42 schools in Thuringia, Germany. The PriMa program involves nine guided lessons with special posters and group discussion. It is implemented by specially trained female teachers. Berger and her colleagues used a parallel control trial...