Preventing Childhood obesity in school age Children
Lakeisha L. Jones
September 6, 2010
Childhood obesity has become a worldwide epidemic. The obesity rate among children has doubled over the past few years. The incline in the obesity rate is due to poor eating habit, media influence, lack of financial means to pay for healthier food choices, and lack of understanding about methods to prevent childhood obesity. It can be prevented if it is addressed at an early age. In an effort to decrease the number of obese children in the United States several measure need to take place through primary, secondary, and Tertiary prevention. Monitoring the proportion of overweight children was identified as one of the ten leading health indicators in Healthy People 2010.
The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed a chart that tracks the weigh index of child from the age of two to the age 20 if the child fall within the 85th through the 89thercentiles they are considered over weigh. Children whose weight index is in the 95th percentile or greater are at risk of being obese. Using these criteria, children and teens are not labeled “obese” technically; they are only “at risk for being overweight.” All ethnic groups have shown increase risk for child hood obesity. In 1963-1970 National Health Examination Survey (NHES), stated the prevalence of overweight children among Whites between the ages of 6 to be 11 5.1% and 5.3 % for African American girls of the same age.
The prevalence of overweight in this same age group doubled for White girls (10.2%) and tripled for African American girls (16.2%) in the 1988-1991 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). The 1999 NHANES suggests that the percentage of overweight children has continued to increase in recent years. The government uses any means necessary to raise awareness about childhood obesity. Improving childhood obesity is a collective responsibility of the community, which includes the government, school, communities, and parents.
The government has adapted policy to address the nutritional needs of children nationwide the goal of this program is to reduce the amount of food low in nutrition that children across an America consume daily. The goal is to provide children with more fruits and vegetable to meet their daily needs (Gordon, 2005 ) The women infant and children program (WIC) have established a partnership with the federal government it provides foods that are healthy and nutritious to pregnant women and children up to the age of six years. In 2000 the program started the farmers market to bring fruits and vegetables to low income community and sell it at a discount price to families with young children.
Another government agency US Department of Agriculture which, set nutrition standards for children across America since 1995. Schools across America have developed a policy called the School Meals Initiative for healthy children across America. The program provides nutritious meal year round to school...