Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS
There is no cure for HIV or AIDS, so abstinence from sexual activity is the best course of action.
If you do want to engage in sexual activity, make sure that both you and your partner get tested and are HIV negative.
Use barrier protection consistently and every time. Barrier methods, like condoms and dental dams, provide a large measure of protection from transmission by preventing direct contact with semen and blood. Condoms and dental dams should be made of latex. Natural materials, like lambskin, are porous and will not prevent the virus from passing through.
Reduce the number of sexual partners. The higher the number of partners, the greater the risk of transmission.
Do not ever share needles. This includes needles with illegal drug use and also the administration of prescription drugs at home. Do not engage in any activity that puts you in contact with someone else's blood.
Avoid sharing personal items like toothbrushes and razors, as they can contain traces of blood. Do not use an item if you are not certain it is new or has been used only by you.
Mothers who are HIV positive should never breast feed their babies as the milk contains traces of HIV.
If you're pregnant, get medical care right away. If you're HIV-positive, you may pass the infection to your baby. But if you receive treatment during pregnancy, you can cut your baby's risk by as much as two-thirds.
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