National Decision Making Institutions:
Introduction To Political Science
October 26, 2013
The Presidential Government is a democratic system in which the legislature and the executive exist independently and are elected independently of each other. Both are responsible for making and carrying the law sometimes conflict occurs between the two due to competition.In a presidential system the president and his party memeber of congress are not forced into unity which is complete opposite of the parlimentary system. There are two things about cooperation via party ties in the presidential- legislative branches. First parties are loosely unified in presidential systems. In parliament the premier and cabinet have power to control the advancement of ordinary members if they lack cooperation there advancement may be threatened.In a presidential system the presidennt does not have control of legislature. Secondly the party that holds presidency does not automatically control legislature.Parts of government are elected independently . It is possible for a party to exceed in presidential elections and not exceed in senate and the house of representatives.Quite often parties will not be dominant in both sectors.Most presidential systems that are multiparty negotiate with the president who awards cabinet posts.Existence of cabinet does not ensure or depend on its ability to pass bills .Presidential congress and legislature have looser relationships than cabinet and supporters of parliament. Some presidential systems are more coordinated than the United States.States such as Russia have an authoritarian democracy. They used tactics in elections to promote their parties such as using legal technicalities and media.This is a faulty democracy being that certain tactics were used and things weren’t handled justly. Within the United States the presidential system has a small amount of coordination between the executive and legislature.The U.S congress is the perfect example of how legislature works.In congress their are two equal houses The House of Representative and the senate, chairs are appointed by the members of the majority party. Seniority is important when deciding who will chair committees. The length of time served can determine how candidates influence business of their houses,how they persuade and how they preside over a debate. Yet leaders do not control every aspect of their houses. Bills still must be considered by committees these committees are independent and put individual marks on bills. Power is equally dispersed among the congress so no one group can be in control of what happens. Congress unlike parliament has less party unity when it comes to voting . The lack of unity within a party's decision could collapse capinent.Congress on the other hand chooses their votes individually.
Policy leadership is different in parliamentary and presidential systems. In a presidential system Presidents are expected to control policy being they have a personal mandate from voters. The president is seen as the head public official being that he is voted into presidency by the nation. In a parliamentary system the cabinet owes positions to members and operate as a team. The presidential cabinet does not appoint or is obligated to appoint members of party nobles.Presidents usually appoint cabinet seats to those closest and most trustworthy to them. Presidential cabinet can contain non political figures. This gives an advantage to the president allowing all focus to be on them.
The presidents leadership is constitutionally Stated . The president becomes head of armed forces, head of state matters and becomes responsible for foreign policy. This allows legislature within the presidential system to be passive and wait to approve or disapprove president proposals. This system is coherent. Coherence may not be easily accomplished if an alliance of parties formed a...
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