Presidential Outline #10 – John Tyler
I. John Tyler (1790-1862)
II. John Tyler (Whig)
Only Term (1841-1845)
III. Education and Occupation
A. President Van Buren didn’t receive much education as a child. His parents were Dutch and spoke fluent Dutch. His father, Abraham, owned a tavern. In the tavern, Van Buren spent much of his childhood observing, studying, and listening to the political arguments there, giving him some experience. His formal education ended at the age of 14. B. At the stunning age of 13, President Jackson entered the army in the American Revolution. This ended his childhood and unfortunately wiped out his whole family. He became very skilled as a solder in the Revolution. After he was done serving in the military, he also became a U.S. congressman, U.S. state senator, and he was also the U.S. governor with Florida. After he retired from being president, he became a farmer.
IV. Opponents in Election
1. Democrat – Andrew Jackson
2. National Republican – John Quincy Adams
* This presidential election gave voters two more divisions of political parties to choose from. The Democratic-Republican political party split. It was one of the closest races yet in the election, leaving Andrew Jackson with a win over Adams. D. 1832
3. Democrat – Andrew Jackson
4. National Republican – Henry Clay
5. Anti-Masonic - William Wirt
* The Presidential Election of 1832 was one of the first elections that had 3 different people run. The small Anti-Masonic party emerged with Wirt, but was defeated with it only having 7 percent of the vote. Andrew Jackson had an easy win.
V. Vice Presidents – Aaron Burr and George Clinton
E. John C. Calhoun – (1829-1833)
F. Martin Van Buren – (1833-1837)
VI. Major Domestic Issues
G. Veto of the Maysville Road Bill (1830) – The Maysville Road Bill was brought into consideration which stated that the federal government should purchase stock in areas like Maysville, Washington, Paris, Lexington, Ohio, etc. Congress passed this bill, but it was further vetoed by President Jackson. H. Worcester v. Georgia (1832) – This was a case under the Supreme Court in which they vacated the conviction of Samuel Worcester and also held a Georgia statute that prohibited non Native Americans to from being present on Indiana lands. John Marshall was chief justice at the time. This case was famous because of the results of the friendship between the US and Native Americans afterwards. I. South Carolina Ordinance of Nullification (1832) – As United States started to become more and more industrialized, they soon passed a highly protective tariff that infuriated the Southern States, South Carolina in particular. They felt that it benefitted the North and destroyed the South. This tariff benefitted American producers of cloth. It also shrunk demand for southern cotton, making the southerners upset as well. J. Veto of Bill to recharter the Second Bank of U.S. (1832) – In July of 1832, President Jackson vetoed a major bill that would have renewed the corporate charter of the Second Bank of the United States. This was one of the most definitive acts in his presidency. The Second Bank of the U.S. was created as a result from the War of 1812, yet it has been very controversial ever since it was made. K. Compromise Tariff (1833) – This tariff was proposed by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun as a resolution to the SC Nullification crisis. This act stated that important taxes would be gradually cut over the next decade until the levels of the 1816 tariff reached 20%. These reductions only lasted a small two months. L. Force Act (1833) – This act came about because of South Carolina’s Ordinance of Nullification in1832. This act also empowered President Andrew Jackson to use...
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