Presidential Campaign Debate
In 1973 the U.S. Supreme Court legalized abortion in Roe v. Wade. This decision states that Constitutional rights apply only after birth. Abortion does not breach a person’s right to life. States cannot regulate 1st trimester abortions; states can regulate but not ban 2nd trimester abortions; and states can ban 3rd trimester abortions. There are two different stances that one may take on abortion. There is the Right to Choose, which is a Pro-choice stance that upholds Roe v. Wade. This stance describes abortion as a health issue or as a woman’s right issue. Pro-choice is the rights of the mothers’ right to privacy between her and her doctor. Judicial activism is a pro-choice stance. Then there is the Right to Life, which is a Pro Life stance. This describes abortion as a moral issue or as an issue of balancing the mothers’ rights with the fetus’ rights. Pro Life is the rights of the unborn from the moment of conception. Strict constructionism is a Pro Life stance. Most pro-life legislation aims at overturning Roe v. Wade, which means returning the decision about abortion to the states. In contrast, a Human Life Amendment to the Constitution would ban abortion in all states. Overturning Roe v. Wade would not ban abortion it would then become a state decision, with some states allowing abortion and some restricting or banning it. The Human Life Amendment would be a Constitutional Amendment overturning Roe v. Wade. There is currently no such Amendment pending, but proponents regularly introduce Human Life Bills in Congress. Over the years the debate on abortions has grown and is considered of high importance. Some citizens decide on whom they should cast their vote for President on the stance they take on abortion. The following is three of the candidate’s views on abortion, with key terms such as Roe v. Wade, contraception’s, parental notification, counseling, federal funding, and viability of the fetus....
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