1. We use the present continuous tense to talk about the present: * for something that is happening at the moment of speaking: I’m just leaving work. I’ll be home in an hour.
Please be quiet. The children are sleeping.
* for something which is happening before and after a given time: At eight o’clock we are usually having breakfast.
When I get home the children are doing their homework.
* for something which we think is temporary:
Michael is at university. He’s studying history.
I’m working in London for the next two weeks.
* for something which is new and contrasts with a previous state: These days most people are using email instead of writing letters. What sort of clothes are teenagers wearing nowadays? What sort of music are they listening to? * to show that something is changing, growing or developing: The children are growing quickly.
The climate is changing rapidly.
Your English is improving.
* for something which happens again and again:
It’s always raining in London.
They are always arguing.
George is great. He’s always laughing.
Note: We normally use always with this use.
2. We use the present continuous tense to talk about the future: * for something which has been arranged or planned:
Mary is going to a new school next term.
What are you doing next week?
3. We can use the present continuous to talk about the past: * When we are telling a story:
* When we are summarising the story from a book, film or play etc.: